Benjamin Cramer

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BACKGROUND Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in people over 65 years old in the United States and has been associated with cardiovascular risk and decreased survival. There is conflicting data, however, regarding the contribution of AMD to the prediction of stroke. AIM To determine whether AMD is a(More)
To assess sympathetic system function after hemispheric brain infarction rostral to the hypothalamus we investigated 24 patients with infarction in the territory of the middle cerebral artery. Anisocoria and basal lacrimal gland secretion were determined. The ninhydrin test was performed and the sympathetic skin response recorded in both hands and feet. The(More)
The effect of toxic and non-toxic phenytoin levels on carobhydrate tolerance and insulin levels was studied in 18 patients with epilepsy and 17 control subjects. Toxic levels were defined as a serum level greater than 20 microgram/ml. Toxic levels occurred in 11 patients and nontoxic levels in seven patients. Blood glucose and insulin levels were measured(More)
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