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PURPOSE Restoring a neutral mechanical axis in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) (within ±3° of varus/valgus) is associated with superior functional outcome and reduced early implant failure. Using conventional alignment jigs results in malalignment in >20 % of cases. In this study, we investigated the reduction of outliers within the threshold of ±3° of leg(More)
PURPOSE Malposition of the acetabular component in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgical problem that can lead to hip dislocation, reduced range of motion and may result in early loosening. The aim of this study is to validate the accuracy and reproducibility of a single x-ray image based 2D/3D reconstruction technique in determining cup(More)
Complaints in the region of the hips and pelvis are often difficult to classify. This is due to the fact that pain projection and overlapping can occur; therefore, the complete region of the lumbar spine, pelvis and hips must be considered as a single entity in which alterations can result in radiation throughout the whole region. There are many different(More)
PURPOSE Different target areas within the concept of combined cup and stem anteversion have been published for total hip arthroplasty (THA). We asked whether component positioning according to eight standard combined anteversion rules is associated with (1) more physiological gait patterns, (2) higher improvement of gait variables and (3) better clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare 2 different femoral neck augmentation techniques at improving the mechanical strength of the femoral neck. METHODS Twenty pairs of human cadaveric femora were randomly divided into 2 groups. In 1 group, the femora were augmented with a steel spiral; the other group with the cemented technique. The untreated contralateral side served(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this investigation was to compare clinical outcome, component loosening, polyethylene cup wear and periprosthetic bone mineral density between "cup first" navigated and conventional cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) 5-7 years after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty patients who received THA with (n = 25) or without (n(More)
Bone marrow edema (BME) syndrome represents a pathologic accumulation of interstitial fluid in bone - with a traumatic BME being differentiated from a non-traumatic, often ischemic, and a reactive as well as a mechanical BME. Atraumatic/ischemic BME is inconsistently described as a separate entity or as a reversible preliminary stage of osteonecrosis (ON).(More)
Background and purpose - In hip arthroplasty, acetabular inclination and anteversion-and also femoral stem torsion-are generally assessed by eye intraoperatively. We assessed whether visual estimation of cup and stem position is reliable. Patients and methods - In the course of a subgroup analysis of a prospective clinical trial, 65 patients underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Total hip arthroplasty (THA) could be associated with a higher failure rate in patients after osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) compared to a patient population with primary osteoarthritis prior THA, especially regarding the acetabular component. One major reason could be the compromised acetabular bone quality. Therefore, we performed a(More)
BACKGROUND Revision total hip arthroplasty is of rising importance, with 35,000 procedures a year in Germany. OBJECTIVES Primary stability of the revision implant, reconstruction of the anatomical hip center, reconstruction of bone stock, and permanent secondary integration are the main priorities. METHODS Current literature and examples from our own(More)