Benjamin C. T. Field

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Glucagon and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 are the primary products of proglucagon processing from the pancreas and gut, respectively. Giving dual agonists with glucagon and GLP-1 activity to diabetic, obese mice causes enhanced weight loss and improves glucose tolerance by reduction of food intake and by increase in energy expenditure (EE). We aimed to(More)
Our knowledge of the complex mechanisms underlying energy homeostasis has expanded enormously in recent years. Food intake and body weight are tightly regulated by the hypothalamus, brainstem and reward circuits, on the basis both of cognitive inputs and of diverse humoral and neuronal signals of nutritional status. Several gut hormones, including(More)
We have used manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) to show distinct patterns of neuronal activation within the hypothalamus and brainstem of fasted mice in response to peripheral injection of the anorexigenic agents glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), oxyntomodulin (OXM) and lithium chloride. Administration of both GLP-1 and OXM resulted in a(More)
Oxyntomodulin (Oxm) is an intestinal peptide that inhibits food intake and body weight in rodents and humans. These studies used peptide analogs to study aspects of structure and function of Oxm, and the sensitivity of parts of the Oxm sequence to degradation. Analogs of Oxm were synthesized and studied using receptor binding and degradation studies in(More)
Food intake and bodyweight are tightly regulated by the brainstem, hypothalamus and reward circuits. These centres integrate diverse cognitive inputs with humoral and neuronal signals of nutritional status. Our knowledge of the role of gut hormones in this complex homeostatic system has expanded enormously in recent years. This review discusses both the(More)
OBJECTIVE Peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)), a Y2 receptor agonist, and oxyntomodulin, a glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, are cosecreted by intestinal L-cells after each meal. Separately each hormone acts as an endogenous satiety signal and reduces appetite in humans when infused intravenously. The aim of the current study was to investigate(More)
Glucagon and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 are the primary products of proglucagon processing from the pancreas and gut, respectively. Giving dual agonists with glucagon and GLP-1 activity to diabetic, obese mice causes enhanced weight loss and improves glucose tolerance by reduction of food intake and by increase in energy expenditure (EE). We aimed to(More)
AIMS The objectives of this phase 1 study were to confirm the tolerability of single ascending subcutaneous doses of PP 1420 in healthy subjects, to assess its adverse effects and to investigate the drug's pharmacokinetics and dose proportionality. METHODS This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. There were three dosing periods. Each(More)
CONTEXT Adrenal vein sampling (AVS) is recommended in all patients with hyperaldosteronism to whom surgery would be offered if the results indicated unilateral hypersecretion. OBJECTIVE To assess the performance of AVS against radiological findings and to evaluate the Endocrine Society's Practice Guidelines for diagnostic cut-offs. PATIENTS(More)
Peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)) is a gut hormone that acts on Y2 receptors to reduce appetite. Obese humans are sensitive to the anorectic effects of PYY(3-36) and display a blunted postprandial rise in PYY(3-36). Bariatric surgery results in increased circulating PYY-immunoreactivity, which appears to play a role in postoperative weight loss. The utility of(More)