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A polyspecific, intrathecal humoral immune response against the neurotropic viruses, measles, rubella and varicella zoster virus, called “MRZ reaction” (MRZR), is present in the majority of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Neurosarcoidosis (NS) and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) are important clinical differential diagnoses of MS.(More)
BACKGROUND Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for patients with severe spasticity. Intoxications are rare and usually iatrogenic, with reported intrathecal boluses varying between 0.050 and 30 mg. METHODS We here report the case of a 47-year-old woman with severe spastic paraplegia due to multiple sclerosis who, during(More)
1. Electrically evoked release of [3H]-noradrenaline ([3H]-NA) or [3H]-5-hydroxytryptamine ([3H]-5-HT) in slices of human and the rat neocortex was used to characterize presynaptic opioid receptors. 2. Release of [3H]-NA in rat neocortical slices was reduced only by the mu-receptor agonist DAMGO (pIC50: 7.27, CI95: [7.22, 7.32]; Imax: 77.6+/-1.6%;(More)
PURPOSE Because of the immune-suppressive effect of cerebral damage, stroke patients are at high risk for infections. These might result in sepsis, which is the major contributor to intensive care unit (ICU) mortality. Although there are numerous studies on infections in stroke patients, the role of sepsis as a poststroke complication is unknown. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES Fingolimod is a well-established, highly effective immunomodulatory treatment for patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). However, little is known about disease course after its discontinuation. METHODS This is a case series on four patients with RRMS who had a severe reactivation after fingolimod discontinuation. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVES Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNSs) are rare disorders in association with cancer and sub-divided into "classical" and "non-classical" syndromes according to a 2004 consensus paper proposed by a panel of PNS experts. "Classical" PNSs are regarded to account for the vast majority of cases. However, systematic reports on clinical PNS(More)
Currently used hepatocyte cell systems for in vitro assessment of drug metabolism include hepatoma cell lines and primary human hepatocyte (PHH) cultures. We investigated the suitability of the validated in vivo Basel phenotyping cocktail (caffeine [CYP1A2], efavirenz [CYP2B6], losartan [CYP2C9], omeprazole [CYP2C19], metoprolol [CYP2D6], midazolam(More)
The move toward outpatient and same-day surgical services has been phenomenal in recent years. In this study comparing same-day and traditional surgery patients in a Midwest tertiary care center, hospital charges and costs were significantly lower for same-day surgery patients. These differences reflected decreased lengths of stay and reduced ancillary(More)
Previous findings suggest an angiogenesis-regulating function of the p53 tumor suppressor protein in various malignancies. With several antiangiogenic agents entering the clinic, we assessed the value of the TP53 status in predicting angiogenesis in glioblastoma in vivo and examined underlying angiogenic-signaling pathways in vitro. We identified 26 TP53(More)
Augmenting probabilities to conditional logic yields an expressive mechanism for representing uncertainty. The principle of optimum entropy allows one to reason in probabilistic logic in an information-theoretic optimal way by completing the given information as unbiasedly as possible. In this paper, we introduce the MECoRe system that realises the core(More)