Benjamin B. Williams

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This work presents a methodology for obtaining quantitative oxygen concentration images in the tumor-bearing legs of living C3H mice. The method uses high-resolution electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI). Enabling aspects of the methodology include the use of injectable, narrow, single-line triaryl methyl spin probes and an accurate model of(More)
We have previously shown that seizures induce the formation of F(2)-isoprostanes (F(2)-IsoPs), one of the most reliable indices of oxidative stress in vivo. Isofurans (IsoFs) are novel products of lipid peroxidation whose formation is favored by high oxygen tensions. In contrast, high oxygen tensions suppress the formation of F(2)-IsoPs. The present study(More)
A highly accurate line-width simulation computer program is used that can account for both high amplitude and frequency of the Zeeman modulation in an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiment. This allows for the overmodulation of EPR lines to increase signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in EPR spectra and spectroscopic images, without any sacrifice in the(More)
This paper develops a new metric, the standard error of inverse prediction (SEIP), for a dose-response relationship (calibration curve) when dose is estimated from response via inverse regression. SEIP can be viewed as a generalization of the coefficient of variation to regression problem when x is predicted using y-value. We employ nonstandard statistical(More)
Electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI) promises to provide new insights into the physiology of tissues in health and disease. Understanding the in vivo imaging capability of this new modality requires comparison with other physiologically responsive techniques. Here, an initial comparison between 2D EPR spatial imaging of a narrow single line(More)
Tumor hypoxia plays a vital role in therapeutic resistance. Consequently, measurements of tumor pO(2) could be used to optimize the outcome of oxygen-dependent therapies, such as, chemoradiation. However, the potential optimizations are restricted by the lack of methods to repeatedly and quantitatively assess tumor pO(2) during therapies, particularly in(More)
This paper describes an optimized design of a surface coil resonator for in vivo electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)-based tooth dosimetry. Using the optimized resonator, dose estimates with the standard error of the mean of approximately 0.5 Gy were achieved with irradiated human teeth. The product of the quality factor and the filling factor of the(More)
The cells of the intestinal epithelium provide a selectively permeable barrier between the external environment and internal tissues. The integrity of this barrier is maintained by tight junctions, specialised cell-cell contacts that permit the absorption of water and nutrients while excluding microbes, toxins and dietary antigens. Impairment of intestinal(More)
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