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A retrospective review was performed of the results of all allograft reconstructions that had been done after the resection of an osteosarcoma or an Ewing sarcoma in a skeletally immature patient between 1982 and 1989 at The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. There were twenty-six patients. Six reconstructions were intercalary, sixteen were resection(More)
Osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma are commonly seen benign osteogenic bone neoplasms. Both tumors are typically seen in the second decade of life, with a notable predilection in males. Histologically, these tumors resemble each other, with characteristically increased osteoid tissue formation surrounded by vascular fibrous stroma and perilesional sclerosis.(More)
Enchondromas are common benign cartilage tumors of bone. They can occur as solitary lesions or as multiple lesions in enchondromatosis (Ollier and Maffucci diseases). Clinical problems caused by enchondromas include skeletal deformity and the potential for malignant change to chondrosarcoma. The extent of skeletal involvement is variable in enchondromatosis(More)
  • F Plasschaert, C Craig, R Bell, W G Cole, J S Wunder, B A Alman
  • 2002
Localised Langerhans-cell histiocytosis of bone (eosinophilic granuloma) is a benign tumour-like condition with a variable clinical course. Different forms of treatment have been reported to give satisfactory results. However, previous series all contain patients with a wide age range. Our aim was to investigate the effect of skeletal maturity on the rate(More)
BACKGROUND Radiographs are ordered routinely for children with ankle trauma. We assessed the predictive value of a clinical examination to identify a predefined group of low-risk injuries, management of which would not be affected by absence of a radiograph. We aimed to show that no more than 1% of children with low-risk examinations (signs restricted to(More)
BACKGROUND Delayed fracture healing causes substantial disability and usually requires additional surgical treatments. Pharmacologic management to improve fracture repair would substantially improve patient outcome. The signaling pathways regulating bone healing are beginning to be unraveled, and they provide clues into pharmacologic management. The(More)
Osteoarthritis is associated with the irreversible degeneration of articular cartilage. Notably, in this condition, articular cartilage chondrocytes undergo phenotypic and gene expression changes that are reminiscent of their end-stage differentiation in the growth plate during skeletal development. Hedgehog (Hh) signaling regulates normal chondrocyte(More)
Although most cases of congenital scoliosis are thought to be of sporadic etiology, it is not known whether other types of spinal deformity occur in families of individuals with this type of scoliosis. Children with congenital scoliosis were identified through a review of health records and radiographic report databases. Of 237 children with congenital(More)
Flexible intramedullary nailing has become a popular method of fixation of pediatric femoral fractures. The authors analyzed their first 5-year experience with titanium elastic stable intra-medullary nailing, specifically to report the complications associated with this technique and to provide recommendations to avoid these complications. Seventy-eight(More)
Osteoarthritis primarily affects the articular cartilage of synovial joints. Cell and/or cartilage replacement is a promising therapy, provided there is access to appropriate tissue and sufficient numbers of articular chondrocytes. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) represent a potentially unlimited source of chondrocytes and tissues as they can generate a broad(More)