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OBJECTIVES We sought to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with mild statin-induced side effects. BACKGROUND Statin-induced side effects can interfere with therapy. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 enzymes impair statin metabolism; the reduced function SLCO1B1*5 allele impairs statin clearance and is associated with(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine the spectrum and prevalence of "background genetic noise" in the arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC) genetic test and to determine genetic associations that can guide the interpretation of a positive test result. BACKGROUND ARVC is a potentially lethal genetic cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a common heritable channelopathy. Mutations in the SCN5A-encoded sodium channel (BrS1) culminate in the most common genotype. OBJECTIVE This study sought to perform a retrospective analysis of BrS databases from 9 centers that have each genotyped >100 unrelated cases of suspected BrS. METHODS Mutational analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic testing for long-QT syndrome (LQTS) has diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications. Hundreds of causative mutations in 12 known LQTS-susceptibility genes have been identified. Genetic testing that includes the 3 most commonly mutated genes is available clinically. Distinguishing pathogenic mutations from innocuous rare variants(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the young (age <50 years) is 0.1%, or 1:1,000 persons. Mutations in KCNQ1-, KCNH2-, and KCNA5-encoded potassium channels and SCN5A-encoded sodium channels have been reported in familial AF. A mechanism of atrial torsade has been suggested to occur in patients with congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS).(More)
BACKGROUND Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a potentially lethal, highly treatable cardiac channelopathy for which genetic testing has matured from discovery to translation and now clinical implementation. OBJECTIVES Here we examine the spectrum and prevalence of mutations found in the first 2,500 unrelated cases referred for the FAMILION LQTS clinical genetic(More)
We derive and compare several estimates of the number of SNPs that would be required to form the basis of a complete haplotype survey of the human genome. Our estimates make use of reports published by Stephens et al. [1], Patil et al. [2] and Daly et al. [3]. The estimated number of SNPs required for a genome-wide haplotype survey ranges from 180K (based(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic testing for congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) has been performed in research laboratories for the past decade. Approximately 75% of patients with high clinical probability for LQTS have a mutation in one of five LQTS-causing cardiac channel genes. Possible explanations for the remaining genotype-negative cases include LQTS mimickers,(More)
We have surveyed and summarized several aspects of DNA variability among humans. The variation described is the result of mutation followed by a combination of drift, migration and selection bringing the frequencies high enough to be observed. This paper describes what we have learned about how DNA variability differs among genes and populations. We(More)