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The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α is known primarily as a regulator of fatty acid metabolism, energy balance, and inflammation, but evidence suggests a wider role in regulating the biotransformation of drugs and other lipophilic chemicals. We investigated whether PPARα directly regulates the transcription of cytochrome(More)
In addition to its well-characterized role in the regulation of drug metabolism and transport by xenobiotics, pregnane X receptor (PXR) critically impacts on lipid homeostasis. In mice, both ligand-dependent activation and knockout of PXR were previously shown to promote hepatic steatosis. To elucidate the respective pathways in human liver, we generated(More)
Low temperature is an important environmental factor affecting the performance and distribution of plants. During the so-called process of cold acclimation, many plants are able to develop low-temperature tolerance, associated with the reprogramming of a large part of their metabolism. In this study, we present a systems biology approach based on(More)
BACKGROUND RNA interference (RNAi) has tremendous potential for investigating gene function and for developing new therapies. Primary human hepatocytes (PHH) are the "gold standard" for studying the regulation of hepatic metabolism in vitro. However, application of RNAi in PHH has some technical hurdles. The objective of this study was to develop effective(More)
The ligand-activated nuclear receptor pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2) and the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) are two master transcriptional regulators of many important drug metabolizing enzymes and transporter genes (DMET) in response to xenobiotics including many drugs. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα, NR1C1),(More)
The acylated phloroglucinol, hyperforin, the main active ingredient of St. John's Wort, exerts antidepressant properties via indirect inhibition of serotonin reuptake by selectively activating the canonical transient receptor potential channel 6 (TRPC6). Hyper-forin treatment can lead to drug–drug interactions due to potent activation of the nuclear(More)
The acylated phloroglucinol, hyperforin, the main active ingredient of St. John's Wort, exerts antidepressant properties via indirect inhibition of serotonin reuptake by selectively activating the canonical transient receptor potential channel 6 (TRPC6). Hyperforin treatment can lead to drug-drug interactions due to potent activation of the nuclear receptor(More)
Interpreting large-scale studies from microarrays or next-generation sequencing for further experimental testing remains one of the major challenges in quantitative biology. Combining expression with physical or genetic interaction data has already been successfully applied to enhance knowledge from all types of high-throughput studies. Yet, toolboxes for(More)
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