Benjamin A. Belinka

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After decades of Alzheimer's disease (AD) research, the development of a definitive diagnostic test for this disease has remained elusive. The discovery of blood-borne biomarkers yielding an accurate and relatively non-invasive test has been a primary goal. Using human protein microarrays to characterize the differential expression of serum autoantibodies(More)
A polymeric prodrug of the proline analogue cis-4-hydroxy-l-proline (CHOP), poly(ethylene glycol)-lysine-CHOP or CHOP-PEG, prevents hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in rats by inhibiting collagen accumulation. A more potent prodrug was synthesized by increasing the loading of CHOP on the carrier from 14 to 100%. Pulmonary antihypertensive efficacy and(More)
The binding of the carotenoid crocetin to human and bovine plasma albumin was studied using absorption and fluorescence techniques. Shifts in the absorption spectrum of crocetin, quenching of the albumin fluorescence, and competitive binding studies all provided information about the binding of crocetin to albumin. These studies suggest that crocetin binds(More)
Leukotoxin (Leukothera™; LtxA) is a bacterial protein and experimental therapeutic that binds leukocyte function antigen (LFA-1) on white blood cells (WBCs) and induces cell death via apoptosis or necrosis. We previously found that LtxA preferentially targets WBCs with high levels of activated LFA-1, which is characteristic of many leukemias and lymphomas,(More)
Psoriasis is a very common chronic skin disease, affecting 2-3% of the world's population or more than 125 million individuals worldwide. The characteristic lesion of psoriasis is due to rapid proliferation and shortened transition of keratinocytes through the epidermis. Proinflammatory white blood cells (WBCs) migrate into the psoriatic plaques, and the(More)
INTRODUCTION There is a great need to identify readily accessible, blood-based biomarkers for Parkinson's disease (PD) that are useful for accurate early detection and diagnosis. This advancement would allow early patient treatment and enrollment into clinical trials, both of which would greatly facilitate the development of new therapies for PD. METHODS(More)
Attachment of chelating agents to the sugar residues of antibodies for subsequent radiolabelling is an attractive approach since it may have less effect on the immunoreactivity than attachment through lysine residues, which are distributed throughout the antibody and may be present near the antigen binding site. We have attached a new hydrazide-linked(More)
Leukotoxin (LtxA) is a protein secreted from the oral bacterium Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. LtxA binds to the β2 integrin lymphocyte-associated function antigen-1 (LFA-1) on human white blood cells (WBCs), resulting in cell death. LtxA is currently under investigation as a novel therapy (Leukothera(®)) for treating hematologic malignancies and(More)
INTRODUCTION There is an urgent need to identify biomarkers that can accurately detect and diagnose Alzheimer's disease (AD). Autoantibodies are abundant and ubiquitous in human sera and have been previously demonstrated as disease-specific biomarkers capable of accurately diagnosing mild-moderate stages of AD and Parkinson's disease. METHODS Sera from(More)
The goal of this preliminary proof-of-concept study was to use human protein microarrays to identify blood-based autoantibody biomarkers capable of diagnosing multiple sclerosis (MS). Using sera from 112 subjects, including 51 MS subjects, autoantibody biomarkers effectively differentiated MS subjects from age- and gender-matched normal and breast cancer(More)