Benjamín Tovar

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This paper considers what can be accomplished using a mobile robot that has limited sensing. For navigation and mapping, the robot has only one sensor, which tracks the directions of depth discontinuities. There are no coordinates, and the robot is given a motion primitive that allows it to move toward discontinuities. The robot is incapable of performing(More)
In this paper, we present techniques that allow one or multiple mobile robots to efficiently explore and model their environment. While much existing research in the area of Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) focuses on issues related to uncertainty in sensor data, our work focuses on the problem of planning optimal exploration strategies. We(More)
This paper deals with the problem of computing the motions of one or more robot observers in order to maintain visibility of one or several moving targets. The targets are assumed to move unpredictably, and the distribution of obstacles in the workspace is assumed to be known in advance. Our algorithm computes a motion strategy by maximizing the shortest(More)
This paper deals with the surveillance problem of computing the motions of one or more robot observers in order to maintain visibility of one or several moving targets. The targets are assumed to move unpredictably, and the distribution of obstacles in the workspace is assumed to be known in advance. Our algorithm computes a motion strategy by maximizing(More)
Sensing uncertainty is a central issue in robotics. Sensor limitations often prevent accurate state estimation, and robots find themselves confronted with a complicated information (belief) space. In this paper we define and characterize the information spaces of very simple robots, called Bitbots, which have severe sensor limitations. While complete(More)
In this paper we present our advances in a data structure, the Gap Navigation Tree (GNT), useful for solving different visibility-based robotic tasks in unknown planar environments. We present its use for optimal robot navigation in simply-connected environments, locally optimal navigation in multiply-connected environments, pursuit-evasion, and robot(More)
In this paper we present an online algorithm for pursuit-evasion in a unknown simply connected environment, for one pursuer that has minimal sensing and carries a set of stationary sentries that it can drop off and pick up during the pursuit. In our sensing model, the pursuer is only able to detect discontinuities in depth information (gaps), and it is able(More)
This paper defines and analyzes a simple robot with local sensors that moves in an unknown polygonal environment. The robot can execute wall-following motions and can traverse the interior of the environment only when following parallel to an edge. The robot has no global sensors that would allow precise mapping or localization. Special information spaces(More)
Planning with sensing uncertainty is central to robotics. Sensor limitations often prevent accurate state estimation of the robot. Two general approaches can be taken for solving robotics tasks given sensing uncertainty. The first approach is to estimate the state and to solve the given task using the estimate as the real state. However, estimation of the(More)