Benjamín Garzón

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Alterations in iron concentration in certain deep gray matter regions are known to occur in aging and several clinical conditions. In vivo measurements of R2∗ transverse relaxation rates and quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) have been shown to be strongly correlated with iron concentration in tissue, but their calculation requires the acquisition of(More)
Unidirectional and net isotopic fluxes of Na+ and Cl- were determined at steady state across isolated stomach of rat fetuses on days 19 and 21. On day 19, when parietal cells are not yet functional, net absorptions of Na+ and Cl- (respectively: 3.8 +/- 1.1 and 5.2 +/- 1.7 mu eq X h-1 X cm-2) were observed. By contrast, active secretion of Cl- (-2.1 +/- 1.8(More)
Sensitivity of the developing rat stomach to histamine (HA) was examined on isolated gastric mucosae of rats of various ages from the fetal to adult periods. Spontaneous acid secretion in mu eq/h.cm2 occurred at all the ages studied, at a basal rate of 0.45 +/- 0.07 in fetuses to 0.22 +/- 0.03 (day 5), 0.11 +/- 0.04 (day 10), 0.12 +/- 0.04 (day 12), 0.22(More)
Gastric acid secretion was studied in anesthetized rats from day 6 of the postnatal period up to the time of weaning. Basal H+ secretion was detected from day 6 in the first group studied (2.4 +/- 0.2 muEq of H+/10 min/100 g of body weight, BW) and remained constant up to the time of weaning (day 18: 2.5 +/- 0.2 muEq of H+/10 min/100 g of body weight)(More)
This study examined the presence of substance P and calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivities in various milks and infant formulas. Rat milk was obtained from lactating dams between parturition and weaning (0, 2, 5, 10, 15, and 20 d postpartum). Samples of human milk were obtained from seven multiparous, nonsmoking white women, and newborn(More)
Gastric mucosal histidine decarboxylase (HDase) was measured in fetal rats between days 16 and 21 of gestation, and in newborn rats up to weaning. HDase was not detected in fetal stomach. Its activity developed from day 1 after birth (29 +/- 2 pmol CO2/mg protein/h) and increased up to day 18 when it reached the fed adult level (894 +/- 174 pmol CO2/mg(More)
The pH of gastric fluid was measured in rat fetuses during the last 3 days of gestation. On day 19, the gastric pH was close to neutral. During the night of day 20, the pH was clearly lowered (6.11 +/- 0.15 units), this decrease becoming more marked on the following day. At birth (day 22), just before the first feeding, the pH of gastric fluid reached the(More)
In vivo fetal rat stomach produces HCl 48 h before birth. This study examines the mechanisms of H+ secretion from days 19 to 21 before birth. Isolated fetal stomachs were mounted as flat sheets in Ussing chambers for measurement of the transepithelial H+ fluxes (JH+) and short-circuit current (Isc), as indexes of the active ionic fluxes, and for measurement(More)
A bovine milk diet (BM) resulted in remarkable changes in histamine H2 receptor activity (sensitization) and PGE2 receptor activity (desensitization) in gastric glands isolated from adult rats. In contrast, the receptor-cAMP systems sensitive to glucagon(s) and secretin in parietal cells and muco-peptic cells were unaffected. In the two experimental groups,(More)