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The supply chain has been traditionally defined as a one-way, integrated manufacturing process wherein raw materials are converted into final products, then delivered to customers. Under this definition, the supply chain includes only those activities associated with manufacturing, from raw material acquisition to final product delivery. However, due to(More)
For years, researchers and practitioners have primarily investigated the various processes within manufacturing supply chains individually. Recently, however, there has been increasing attention placed on the performance, design, and analysis of the supply chain as a whole. This attention is largely a result of the rising costs of manufacturing, the(More)
In this research, an integrated multi-objective supply chain (SC) model is developed for use in simultaneous strategic and operational SC planning. Multi-objective decision analysis is adopted to allow use of a performance measurement system that includes cost, customer service levels (fill rates), and flexibility (volume or delivery). This measurement(More)
Last mile distribution is the final stage of a humanitarian relief chain; it refers to delivery of relief supplies from local distribution centers (LDCs) to beneficiaries affected by disasters. In this study, we consider a vehicle-based last mile distribution system, in which an LDC stores and distributes emergency relief supplies to a number of demand(More)
Coordination within a supply chain is a strategic response to the problems that arise from inter-organizational dependencies within the chain. A coordination mechanism is a set of methods used to manage interdependence between organizations. Given the increasing importance of high-performance supply, and the advantages to be gained through supply chain(More)
A manufacturing supply chain is an integrated set of business functions, encompassing all activities from raw material acquisition to final customer delivery. Delivering the right product at the right time in the right amount are essential objectives of efficient and effective supply chain systems. Thus, measures must be taken to ensure that all operational(More)
Environmentally Conscious Supply Chain Management (ECSCM refers to the control exerted over all immediate and eventual environmental effects of products and processes associated with converting raw materials into final products. While much work has been done in this area, the focus has traditionally been on either: product recovery (recycling,(More)