Beniamino Ciocchi

Learn More
We have investigated the effects of 24 h human recombinant growth hormone (hGH) administration on leg muscle glutamine exchange and protein kinetics in severely traumatized patients. Muscle amino acid exchange and protein balance were evaluated using the leg arteriovenous balance technique, whereas changes in skeletal muscle free amino acid concentrations(More)
CONTEXT Metabolic syndrome shows clustered metabolic abnormalities with major roles for insulin resistance and obesity. Ghrelin is a gastric hormone whose total plasma concentration (T-Ghr) is associated positively with insulin sensitivity and is reduced in obesity. Ghrelin circulates in acylated (A-Ghr) and desacylated (D-Ghr) forms, but their potential(More)
Diminished muscular activity is associated with alterations of protein metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of short-term muscle inactivity on regulation of whole-body protein deposition during amino acid infusion to simulate an experimental postprandial state. We studied nine healthy young volunteers at the end of 14 day periods of(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the ability of pentoxifylline, a drug with hemorheological actions known to block tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) release, to modulate whole-body protein kinetics in undialyzed patients with chronic uremia. METHODS Leucine rate of appearance (Ra) from proteolysis and leucine oxidation, a marker of net protein loss, were(More)
BACKGROUND Muscle inactivity and low energy intake commonly occur in persons with acute or chronic disease, in astronauts during space flight, and during aging. OBJECTIVE We used a crossover design to investigate the effects of the interactions of inactivity and calorie restriction on whole-body composition and protein kinetic regulation in 9 healthy(More)
The metabolic response to trauma and sepsis involves an increased loss of body proteins. Specific sites of changes of protein and amino acid metabolism have been identified. In skeletal muscle, the rate of proteolysis is accelerated greatly. The rate of protein synthesis also may be increased but not enough to match the increase in degradation.(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with cancer are characterized by decreased muscle protein synthesis and glutamine availability that contribute to an impaired immune response. These abnormalities worsen after surgical stress. We tested the hypothesis that pharmacologic doses of branched-chain amino acids would improve the early metabolic response after major cancer(More)
The pathogenesis of protein wasting in chronic renal failure is multifactorial. Potential mediators of protein catabolism in chronic uremia include anorexia, low protein-energy intake, increased cortisol and parathyroid hormone secretion, insulin resistance, metabolic acidosis and unidentified uremic toxins. In non-acidotic uremic patients the rate of(More)
We determined the effects of 24-h recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) infusion into a femoral artery on leg muscle protein kinetics, amino acid transport, and glutamine metabolism in eight adult hypercatabolic trauma patients. Metabolic pathways were assessed by leg arteriovenous catheterization and muscle biopsies with the use of stable amino acid(More)
Physical inactivity is associated with alteration of normal physiologic processes leading to muscle atrophy, reduced exercise capacity, insulin resistance, and altered energy balance. Bed rest studies in human beings using stable isotopes of amino acids indicate that muscle unloading decreases the turnover rates of muscle and whole-body proteins, with a(More)