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Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), a new, highly contagious, viral disease, emerged in China late in 2002 and quickly spread to 32 countries and regions causing in excess of 774 deaths and 8098 infections worldwide. In the absence of a rapid diagnostic test, therapy or vaccine, isolation of individuals diagnosed with SARS and quarantine of(More)
One mechanism by which the immune system develops the ability to discriminate self from nonself is the deletion of autoreactive T-cell clones during thymic maturation. The drug cyclosporin A (CsA) has been shown to interfere with this process, allowing the escape of normally 'forbidden' T-cell clones and the appearance of autoimmune disease. Recently, it(More)
Some T cell hybridomas, upon activation via the TCR, rapidly undergo cell death. In this paper, we demonstrate that this activation-induced cell death (AICD) is accompanied by morphologic changes seen at the electron and light microscopy levels. The most striking changes are an extensive condensation of the chromatin and formation of membrane blebs. In(More)
Type II topoisomerases catalyze decatenation of the catenated network of kinetoplast DNA [J. C. Marini, K. G. Miller, and P. T. Englund (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 4976-4979]. The individual DNA circles and small catenanes produced during the decatenation reaction can be separated from the large network of substrate DNA by 5 min centrifugation at 13,000g and(More)
Several studies have suggested an important role for the protein tyrosine kinase p56lck (Lck) in HIV infection; however, the exact nature of this role remains unclear. Using a series of well characterized Jurkat-derived cell lines having a wide range of Lck kinase activity, our results showed that, while the entry of HIV-1 into these cell lines was similar,(More)
Several studies have suggested an association between human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection and multiple sclerosis. As HHV-6 is predominantly a T-cell tropic virus, we examined the frequency of detection of HHV-6 genome in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from relapsing-remitting (n = 32) and chronic progressive (n = 14) patients and from healthy (n = 17)(More)
We have used C3H 10T1/2 cells to examine the regulation of topoisomerase activities during cell proliferation and the cell cycle. The specific activity of topoisomerase I was about 4-fold greater in proliferating (log phase) cells than in non-proliferating (confluent) cells. In synchronized cells, the bulk of the increased activity occurred during or just(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 35% of the North American population and an estimated 90% of the sub-Saharan African population have antibodies against adenovirus serotype 5 (AdHu5) that are capable of neutralizing AdHu5-based vaccines. In mice, intranasal delivery of AdHu5 expressing the Zaire ebolavirus glycoprotein human adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad) containing(More)
OBJECTIVE A lack of productive HIV-1 infection of Kit225 compared to Jurkat T cells, despite similar levels of CD4 and HIV-1 chemokine co-receptors, was found to correlate with the expression of vasoactive intestinal peptide/pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide receptor-1 (VPAC1). We therefore examined a role for this seven-transmembrane G(More)