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The mortality rate has recently been reduced to only a small percentage of patients selected for early aneurysm surgery. Despite recovery without neurological deficits, however, a diffuse encephalopathy may remain, with emotional and psychological sequelae that will interfere with rehabilitation and social reintegration. The present study evaluates quality(More)
Seventy-eight individuals among a population of 1.46 million suffered aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) during 1983. Within 24 hours after the bleed, 32 of the 78 patients were in Hunt and Hess neurological Grades I to II, 13 were in Grade III, 21 were in Grades IV to V, and 12 were dead on admission to a hospital or forensic department. When the(More)
Does early aneurysm operation, while lowering the overall management mortality, result in an unacceptable morbidity in terms of increased cognitive disturbances and psychosocial maladjustment? The present study evaluates quality of life, degree of cognitive dysfunction, and adjustment of 93 patients with satisfactory neurological recoveries after operations(More)
This study reports on clinical outcome in 38 patients with severe head injuries (posttraumatic coma for 6 hours or more) treated with barbiturate coma because of intracranial hypertension. Eighteen patients died, 4 patients remained in a severely disabled or a chronic vegetative state, and 16 patients reached the levels good recovery/moderate disability.(More)
OBJECTIVE Many patients exhibit cognitive disturbances after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Structural and functional neuroimaging has failed to demonstrate any correlation with these complaints. This study was performed to investigate whether neuropeptide concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid could be related to cognitive disturbances after SAH.(More)
Electromyographic (EMG) activity was recorded from the anterior, middle, and posterior regions of the temporalis muscle in ten subjects with normal occlusion of the teeth and with the mandible at rest and during exertion of increased biting force, using bipolar intramuscular electrodes. Results show that the posterior part of the temporalis muscle maintains(More)
Twenty patients who underwent early aneurysm surgery--that is, surgery within 72 hours after rupture--underwent further follow-up examination including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment. Significant statistical correlation between tissue loss as seen on a late MRI scan and neurobehavioral(More)
Twenty patients, who had sustained a proven subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and in whom cerebral panangiography had failed to reveal any source of the bleeding (SAH-NUD), were subjected to a neuropsychological examination involving memory functions, spatial perceptual organization, visuoconstructive abilities, reasoning, perceptual speed and accuracy, and(More)
Four women, aged 39 to 46 years, were urgently admitted to our neurosurgical unit after strokes. On admission, all appeared moribund, presenting with deep coma, pupils bilaterally dilated and fixed, decerebrate posture, and markedly abnormal respiratory patterns. Computed tomography revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage with an associated large intracerebral(More)
Two different approaches for developing virtual environments (VE) for brain injury rehabilitation are described and discussed. The two VEs are built with the VR software World Up in the form of virtual vending and automatic service machines. The result from the first approach is a virtual cash dispenser that has been tested on five patients with brain(More)