Bengt Robertson

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BACKGROUND Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is currently treated with surfactant preparations obtained from natural sources and attempts to develop equally active synthetic surfactants have been unsuccessful. One difference in composition is that naturally derived surfactants contain the two hydrophobic proteins SP-B and SP-C while synthetic preparations(More)
Available surfactants for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants are derived from animal lungs, which limits supply and poses a danger of propagating infectious material. Poly-Val-->poly-Leu analogs of surfactant protein (SP)-C can be synthesized in large quantities and exhibit surface activity similar to SP-C. Here, activity of(More)
Immature newborn rabbits, delivered on day 27 of gestation were ventilated artificially for 5–10 min with a peak insufflation pressure of about 35 cm H2O, with or without previous treatment with natural surfactant via the airways. The alveolar expansion pattern and the surface structure of the airways were then examined by scanning and transmission electron(More)
In preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome, surfactant administration followed by immediate extubation to spontaneous breathing with nasal continuous positive airway pressure reduces the need for mechanical ventilation. With this treatment approach, repeated doses of surfactant are rarely indicated. We used a rabbit model to test the hypothesis(More)
Because IL-4 down-regulates several proinflammatory functions associated with human monocytes/macrophages, we explored the possibility that IL-4 also decreases monocyte survival. IL-4 caused a concentration-dependent decrease in viability of IL-1 or LPS stimulated, but not unstimulated, monocytes. Nonviable cells demonstrated classic features of programmed(More)
To investigate whether preceding surfactant instillation prevents the harmful effect of large lung inflations at birth in immature lambs, and, if not, to find out for how long the immature lung remains sensitive to large inflations. In an exploratory study, 12 preterm lambs given surfactant at birth were randomized to receive five large lung inflations at(More)
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of surfactant and inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI).¶Design: Prospective, randomised, controlled experimental study.¶Setting: A medical university hospital research laboratory.¶Intervention: Twenty-nine adult rabbits (2.4–3.4 kg) were given two doses of intravenous endotoxin(More)
Addition of nonionic polymers such as polyethylene glycol (PEG) and dextran ameliorates inactivation of Survanta by a variety of substances in vitro. Addition of polymers to Survanta also improves pulmonary function when used to treat rats with lung injury caused by instillation of human meconium. To find whether this approach is effective in lung injuries(More)