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Quadriceps muscle and fibre cross-sectional areas (CSA), torque and neural activation were studied in seven healthy males during 6 months of weight training on alternate days with six series of eight unilateral leg extensions at 80% of one repetition maximum. After training, the quadriceps cross-sectional area increased by 18.8 +/- 7.2% (P < 0.001) and 19.3(More)
1. Endurance athletes (E) undergo a marked reduction of arterial O2 saturation (Sa,O2) at maximal exercise in normoxia, which disappears when they breathe hyperoxic mixtures. In addition, at a given level of hypoxia, the drop in maximal O2 consumption (VO2,max) is positively related to the individual normoxic VO2,max. 2. These data suggest that the curve(More)
Exhaustive dynamic exercise with large muscle groups in chronic hypobaric hypoxia may be limited by central (nervous) rather than peripheral (metabolic) fatigue. Six males [32 +/- 4 (SD) yr] at sea level (SL) and after 1-mo acclimatization at 5,050 m (HA) performed exhaustive dynamic forearm exercise at a constant absolute load, requiring regional maximum(More)
High altitude exposure is often accompanied by weight loss. Postulated mechanisms are a reduction of nutritional energy intake, a reduction of intestinal energy uptake from impaired intestinal function and increased energy expenditure. Beyond the field of altitude, there are good reasons for renewed interest in the relationship between hypoxia and energy(More)
  • B Kayser
  • International journal of sports medicine
  • 1992
Altitude exposure leads to considerable weight loss. The different hypotheses that have been put forward to explain this phenomenon are discussed reviewing the literature: 1) a primary decrease of food intake due to loss of appetite caused, directly or indirectly, by hypoxia, changes of menus, comfort and habits, 2) a discrepancy between energy intake and(More)
1. Recently it was suggested that submaximal cardiac output (Q) could vary in response to changes in arterial O2 concentration (Ca,O2), so that arterial O2 delivery (Qa,O2 = Q x Ca,O2, in ml min-1) is kept constant. 2. This hypothesis was tested on eight healthy male subjects, at rest and during exercise (50, 100 and 150 W) in three conditions: normaemia(More)
Since the beginning of the Himalayan climbing era, the anecdotal extraordinary physical performance at high altitude of Sherpas and Tibetans has intrigued scientists interested in altitude adaptation. These ethnic groups may have been living at high altitude for longer than any other population, and the hypothesis of a possible evolutionary genetic(More)
Weight loss is a well-known phenomenon at high altitude. It is not clear whether the negative energy balance is due to anorexia only or an increased energy expenditure as well. The objective of this study was to gain insight into this matter by measuring simultaneously energy intake, energy expenditure, and body composition during an expedition to Mt.(More)
Background. Oropharyngeal receptors signal presence of carbohydrate to the brain. Mouth rinses with a carbohydrate solution facilitate corticomotor output and improve time-trial performance in well-trained subjects in a fasted state. We tested for this effect in nonathletic subjects in fasted and nonfasted state. Methods. 13 healthy non-athletic males(More)
UNLABELLED Previous investigations have reported that accelerometer counts plateau during running at increasingly faster speeds. PURPOSE To assess whether biomechanical and/or device limitations cause this phenomenon and the feasibility of generating oxygen uptake (.VO2) prediction equations from the combined use of accelerometry and heart rate during(More)