Bengt K. Lind

Learn More
Developments in radiation therapy planning have improved the information about the three-dimensional dose distribution in the patient. Isodose graphs, dose volume histograms and most recently radiobiological models can be used to evaluate the dose distribution delivered to the irradiated organs and volumes of interest. The concept of a biologically(More)
During the past decade, tumor and normal tissue reactions after radiotherapy have been increasingly quantified in radiobiological terms. For this purpose, response models describing the dependence of tumor and normal tissue reactions on the irradiated volume, heterogeneity of the delivered dose distribution and cell sensitivity variations can be taken into(More)
The advent of intensity-modulated radiation therapy makes it increasingly important to model the response accurately when large volumes of normal tissues are irradiated by controlled graded dose distributions aimed at maximizing tumor cure and minimizing normal tissue toxicity. The cell survival model proposed here is very useful and flexible for accurate(More)
BACKGROUND The biological effects of particles are often expressed in relation to that of photons through the concept of relative biological effectiveness, RBE. In proton radiotherapy, a constant RBE of 1.1 is usually assumed. However, there is experimental evidence that RBE depends on various factors. The aim of this study is to develop a model to predict(More)
Theoretical modelling of tumour control probability (TCP) with respect to non-uniformity in the dose to the tumour, alternate fractionation schemes and tumour kinetics is a very useful tool for assessment of the influence of changes in dosimetric or radiobiological factors on the outcome of the treatment. Various attempts have been made to also include(More)
The aim of the study was to examine the influence of overall treatment time (OTT) on the value of calculated biological effective doses (BEDs) for different biological variables. These variables were: tumour proliferation rate, different cell radiosensitivity (alpha=0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 /Gy), and different start time for repopulation (Tk=21, 28, and 35 days).(More)
INTRODUCTION In SRT/SRS, dedicated treatment planning systems are used for the calculation of the dose distribution. The majority of these systems utilize the standard TMR/OAR formalism for dose calculation as well as they usually neglect any perturbation due to head heterogeneities. The aim of this study is to examine the errors due to head heterogeneities(More)
BACKGROUND It is well recognized that many patients with head and neck carcinoma have problems with food intake and malnutrition. The objective of the current study was to determine the clinical pattern of patients with nonneoplastic stricture of the upper esophagus after radiotherapy for head and neck carcinoma. METHODS A retrospective chart study of 22(More)
New radiobiological models are used to describe tumour and normal tissue reactions and to account for their dependence on the irradiated volume and inhomogeneities of the delivered dose distribution and cell sensitivity. The probability of accomplishing complication-free tumour control is maximized by an iterative algorithm. The algorithm is demonstrated by(More)
A new general beam optimization algorithm for inverse treatment planning is presented. It utilizes a new formulation of the probability to achieve complication-free tumour control. The new formulation explicitly describes the dependence of the treatment outcome on the incident fluence distribution, the patient geometry, the radiobiological properties of the(More)