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BACKGROUND There are a variety of periprocedural anticoagulation strategies for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, including the use of dabigatran. It is unclear which strategy is superior. OBJECTIVE To compare the safety and efficacy of anticoagulation with uninterrupted warfarin, dabigatran, and warfarin with heparin bridging in patients undergoing(More)
IMPORTANCE Left atrial fibrosis is prominent in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Extensive atrial tissue fibrosis identified by delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been associated with poor outcomes of AF catheter ablation. OBJECTIVE To characterize the feasibility of atrial tissue fibrosis estimation by delayed enhancement MRI(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to evaluate whether the destruction of the World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001 (9/11), led to an increased frequency of ventricular arrhythmias among patients fitted with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). BACKGROUND The WTC attack induced psychological distress. Because ICDs store all serious(More)
Time domain analysis of heart period variability in patients without structural heart disease demonstrated increased parasympathetic modulation before paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) occurring predominantly at night. However, diurnal differences in autonomic activity preceding AF episodes in a diverse patient population have not been assessed.(More)
Marked first-degree AV block (PR> or =0.30 s) can produce a clinical condition similar to that of the pacemaker syndrome. Clinical evaluation often requires a treadmill stress test because patients are more likely to become symptomatic with mild or moderate exercise when the PR interval cannot adapt appropriately. Uncontrolled studies have shown that many(More)
Recent reports suggest that first-degree atrioventricular block is not benign. However, there is no evidence that shortening of the PR interval can improve outcome except for symptomatic patients with a very long PR interval ≥0.3 s. Because these patients require continual forced pacing, biventricular pacing should be used according to accepted guidelines(More)
We report three patients with cardiomyopathy and pronounced stimulus to QRS latency during left ventricular (LV) pacing from an epicardial cardiac vein. Delayed LV activation during simultaneous biventricular pacing produced an electrocardiographic pattern dominated by right ventricular stimulation. Hemodynamic parameters improved immediately after(More)
Multisite pacing for the treatment of heart failure has added a new dimension to the electrocardiographic evaluation of device function. During left ventricular (LV) pacing from the appropriate site in the coronary venous system, a correctly positioned lead V1 registers a right bundle branch block pattern with few exceptions. During biventricular(More)
OBJECTIVE Transiently altering the atrial activation sequence induces atrial memory, manifested as an altered atrial gradient as measured in electrocardiographic XYZ leads. We hypothesized that protracted periods of left atrial impulse initiation alter the atrial gradient in a manner predictive of arrhythmias. METHODS A total of 12 chronically(More)
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has added a new dimension to the electrocardiographic evaluation of pacemaker function. During left ventricular (LV) pacing from the posterior or posterolateral coronary vein, a correctly positioned lead V1 registers a tall R wave and there is right axis deviation in the frontal plane with few exceptions. During(More)