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The distribution of metoprolol and atenolol into ischemic and nonischemic myocardium was studied in anesthetized dogs, pigs, and cats. The beta-blockers were administered intravenously after coronary artery occlusion. Metoprolol was found to be significantly more efficiently distributed to the ischemic myocardium than atenolol in all three species. To(More)
The contribution of beta-adrenoceptor activation to renin release was examined in anaesthetized dogs using renal nerve stimulation (RNS) at different discharge rates in the presence of i.v. beta-adrenoceptor blockade. The animals were divided into 2 groups, which received either low or high level of RNS, defined by the frequency of stimulation producing(More)
With the aim of investigating whether exogenous noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) can modulate transmitter release via the stimulation of presynaptic beta-adrenoceptors, 3H-release from isolated portal veins was studied after pretreatment with 3H-1-NA, phenoxybenzamine, desipramine and normetanephrine. NA (10 muM) and A (0.05 muM) increased the(More)
1. Oral and intravenous administration of metoprolol to adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with established hypertension lowered arterial blood pressure within 4 days of treatment. 2. Steady state plasma concentrations of metoprolol were similar to those of patients during anti-hypertensive treatment with this drug. 3. The neuroeffector function of(More)