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Recent research has suggested that there is no general similarity measure, which can be applied on arbitrary databases without any parameterization. Hence, the optimal combination of similarity measures and parameters must be identified for each new image repository. This optimization loop is time consuming and depends on the experience of the designer as(More)
Most of the estimated 125,000 injection drug users (IDUs) in Canada use illicit opioids and are outside treatment (i.e., methadone maintenance treatment). Empirical data suggest that illicit opioid users outside treatment are characterized by various health and social problem characteristics, including polydrug use, physical and mental morbidity, social(More)
This paper presents a technical framework to support the development and installation of system for content-based image retrieval in medical applications (IRMA). A strict separation of feature extraction, feature storage, feature comparison, and the user interfaces is suggested. This allows to reuse implemented components in different retrieval algorithms,(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the possible role that smoking crack cocaine has on the incidence of HIV infection. Given the increasing use of crack cocaine, we sought to examine whether use of this illicit drug has become a risk factor for HIV infection. METHODS We included data from people participating in the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study who(More)
We describe a platform for the implementation of a system for content-based image retrieval in medical applications (IRMA). To cope with the constantly evolving medical knowledge, the platform offers a flexible feature model to store and uniformly access all feature types required within a multi-step retrieval approach. A struc-tured generation history for(More)
A combination of several classifiers using global features for the content description of medical images is proposed. Beside well known texture histogram features, downscaled representations of the original images are used, which preserve spatial information and utilize distance measures which are robust with regard to common variations in radiation dose,(More)
PURPOSE Maturity estimation by radiological bone age assessment (BAA) is a frequent task for pediatric radiologists. Following Greulich and Pyle, all hand bones are compared with a standard atlas, or a subset of bones is examined according to Tanner and Whitehouse. We support BAA comparing the epiphyses of a current case to similar cases with validated bone(More)
The ImageCLEF 2006 medical automatic annotation task encompasses 11,000 images from 116 categories, compared to 57 categories for 10,000 images of the similar task in 2005. As a baseline for comparison, a run using the same classifiers with the identical parameterization as in 2005 is submitted. In addition, the parameterization of the classifier was(More)
BACKGROUND Radiologists' training is based on intensive practice and can be improved with the use of diagnostic training systems. However, existing systems typically require laboriously prepared training cases and lack integration into the clinical environment with a proper learning scenario. Consequently, diagnostic training systems advancing(More)