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Chromium-resistant bacteria (CRB) isolated from soils can be used to reduce toxic Cr(VI) from contaminated environments. This study assessed in vitro reduction of hexavalent Cr using a cell-free extract (CFE) of CRB isolated from soil contaminated with dichromate. One isolate, ES 29, that substantially reduced Cr(VI) was identified as a Bacillus species by(More)
Endosulfan (6,7,8,9,10,10-hexachloro-1,5,5a,6,9,9a-hexahydro-6,9-methano-2,3,4-benzo-dioxathiepin-3-oxide) is a cyclodiene organochlorine currently used as an insecticide all over the world and its residues are posing a serious environmental threat. This study reports the isolation and identification of enriched microorganisms, capable of degrading(More)
Selecting an inexpensive and effective organic carbon source is the key to reducing the cost in selenium (Se) remediation. Five bacteria were screened based on their ability in using molasses as an organic carbon source to reduce selenate [Se(VI)] in drainage water. Efficiency of Se removal differed in the molasses-added drainage water containing different(More)
Spent regenerant brine from ion-exchange technology for the removal of perchlorate and nitrate produces a high salt waste stream, which requires remediation before disposal. Bioremediation is an attractive treatment option. In this study, we enriched for salt tolerant bacteria from sediments from Cargill salt evaporation facility (California, USA), the(More)
Perchlorate (ClO4-) contamination of ground water is a widespread problem in the U.S., which can adversely affect human health and wildlife. Current methods for detecting and quantifying ClO4- in water are time consuming, expensive and sometimes subject to complex procedures. This study reports the construction of a ClO4- reductase-based biosensor for rapid(More)
In this study we evaluated the capacity of a defined microbial consortium (five bacteria: Mycobacterium fortuitum, Bacillus cereus, Microbacterium sp., Gordonia polyisoprenivorans, Microbacteriaceae bacterium, Naphthalene-utilizing bacterium; and a fungus identified as Fusarium oxysporum) isolated from a PAHs contaminated landfarm site to degrade and(More)
Copper is an essential but toxic heavy metal that negatively impacts living systems at high concentration. This study presents factors affecting copper bioremoval (bioreduction and biosorption) by a highly copper resistant monoculture of Pseudomonas sp. NA and copper bioremoval from soil. Seven bacteria resistant to high concentration of Cu(II) were(More)
Environmental copper contamination is a serious human health problem. Copper reductase is produced by microorganisms to facilitate copper uptake by ATPases into the cells increasing copper biosorption. This study assessed the reduction of Cu(II) by cell-free extracts of a highly copper-resistant bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. strain NA, isolated from vineyard(More)
The genus Enterococcus belong to the genera of bacteria that produce lactic acid and can confer health benefits to living organisms. Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for humans and animals. Thirty-six Enterococcus species isolated from dairy products were screened for Se(IV) sorption capacity for use as a probiotics in animal nutrition. Several(More)
Biosurfactant production is a desirable property of hydrocarbon-degrading microorganisms (HDM). We characterized biosurfactant producing microbial populations from a Long Beach soil, California (USA) and a Hong Kong soil (China), contaminated with diesel oil. A total of 33 hydrocarbon-utilizing microorganisms were isolated from the soils. Twelve isolates(More)