Benedetta Apollonio

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Stimulation through the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) is believed to be involved in the natural history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Some cases respond to the in vitro cross-linking of surface immunoglobulin (sIg) with effective activation. In contrast, the remaining cases do not respond to such stimulation, thereby resembling B cells anergized(More)
Easily reproducible animal models that allow for study of the biology of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and to test new therapeutic agents have been very difficult to establish. We have developed a novel transplantable xenograft murine model of CLL by engrafting the CLL cell line MEC1 into Rag2(-/-)gamma(c)(-/-) mice. These mice lack B, T, and natural(More)
B-cell receptor (BCR) triggering and responsiveness have a crucial role in the survival and expansion of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) clones. Analysis of in vitro response of CLL cells to BCR triggering allowed the definition of 2 main subsets of patients and lack of signaling capacity was associated with constitutive activation of(More)
Malignant B lymphocytes from chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients maintain the capacity to respond to CD40 ligation, among other microenvironmental stimuli. In this study, we show that (i) leukemic CLL cells stimulated with the soluble form of CD40L in vitro show differential responses in terms of upregulation of surface markers (CD95 and CD80) and(More)
Inflammation is involved in the initiation and progression of several chronic lymphoid malignancies of B-cell type. Toll-like receptors (TLR) are transmembrane inflammatory receptors that on recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns trigger an innate immune response and bridge the innate and adaptive immune response by acting as costimulatory(More)
Immune checkpoint blockade antibodies and immunomodulatory drugs can unleash anti-tumor T cell immunity and mediate durable cancer regressions. However, only a fraction of patients currently respond to immunotherapy. Lymphoid malignancies are known to have clinically exploitable immune sensitivity and their intrinsic lymphoid tumor-microenvironment (TME)(More)
PURPOSE The emerging role of Toll-like receptors (TLR) in the pathogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) led us to ask whether TLR stimulation may protect CLL cells from drug-induced apoptosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We cultured in vitro malignant B cells freshly isolated from 44 patients with CLLs in the presence or the absence of different(More)
Subset #8 is a distinctive subset of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) defined by the expression of stereotyped IGHV4-39/IGKV1(D)-39 B-cell receptors. Subset #8 patients experience aggressive disease and exhibit the highest risk for Richter transformation among all CLL. In order to obtain biological insight into this behavior, we profiled the(More)
Xenotransplantation of human tumor cells into immunodeficient mice has been a powerful preclinical tool in several hematological malignancies, with the notable exception of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). For several decades, this possibility was hampered by the inefficient and/or short-term engrafment of CLL cells into available animals. The(More)
The complex interplay between cancer cells, stromal cells, and immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) regulates tumorigenesis and provides emerging targets for immunotherapies. Crosstalk between CD4(+) T cells and proliferating chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) tumor B cells occurs within lymphoid tissue pseudofollicles, and investigating these(More)