Benchang Guo

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BCR signaling initiates multiple activities critical for B-cell function. Recently, we identified an alternate BCR signaling pathway, induced by IL-4, that is signalosome-independent, unlike the classical signalosome-dependent pathway, and that leads to activation of the MAP kinase, ERK. Here we questioned whether alternate pathway signaling extends to(More)
IL-4 has pleiotropic effects on B cells. These effects include alteration of subsequent BCR-triggered responses. To identify a molecular basis for this receptor cross-talk, we examined ERK activation and NF-kappaB induction. We found that treatment with IL-4, but not other cytokines, affected subsequent BCR signaling by creating a new pathway in which the(More)
IL-4 is critical for optimal B cell activation and germinal center B cell expansion in T-dependent immune responses; however, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In the current study, we found that primary B cells express little Igα and Igβ protein despite substantial levels of mRNA. IL-4 markedly upregulates Igα and Igβ protein expression that(More)
Osteopontin (Opn) is a cytokine involved in both physiological and pathological processes, and is elevated in many autoimmune diseases. Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease with a strong female predilection characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands. We hypothesized that Opn contributes to SS pathogenesis. We examined an(More)
B1a cells, particularly the PD-L2(+) B1a cell subset, are enriched with autoantigen-specific receptors. However, the underlying molecular mechanism responsible for the skewed selection of autoreactive B1a cells remains unclear. In this study, we find that B1 cells express only Ras guanyl nucleotide-releasing protein (RasGRP) 1, whereas B2 cells express(More)
Classical BCR signaling requires a number of signalosome mediators that are bypassed when BCR signaling follows an alternate pathway produced by prior exposure of B cells to IL-4. The two pathways, classical and alternate, co-exist in IL-4-treated B cells. Here we report that operation of the IL-4-induced alternate pathway in combination with the classical(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells express poor levels of surface immunoglobulin (sIg), and many are minimally activated or anergic in response to B-cell receptor (BCR) crosslinking in vitro. Paradoxically, CLL cells in patients are highly activated through BCR signaling and expand in proliferation centers, suggesting that the function of sIg(More)
BCR signaling in naive B cells depends on the function of signalosome mediators; however, prior engagement of CD40 or of IL-4R produces an alternate signaling pathway in which Bruton's tyrosine kinase, PI3K, phospholipase Cgamma2, and protein kinase Cbeta are no longer required for BCR-induced downstream events. To explore the range of mediators capable of(More)
B cell exposure to IL-4 alters subsequent BCR signaling such that ERK phosphorylation becomes signalosome-independent; however, the nature of this new, alternate signaling pathway and its relationship to the classical, signalosome-dependent signaling pathway are not known. In this study, we report that the alternate and classical pathways for BCR signaling(More)
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