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The prognostic value of oestrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) was estimated through a multicentric study of 2257 operable breast cancer patients followed up for a median of 8.5 years. None of the patients had received adjuvant therapy. The series included 33.3% stage I patients, 57.1% stage II, 5.7% stage IIIa and 2.4% stage IIIb. At the(More)
Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) used to detect minor changes in specific mRNA concentrations may be associated with poor reproducibility. Stringent quality control is therefore essential at each step of the protocol, including the PCR procedure. We performed inter-laboratory quality control of quantitative PCR between(More)
Whether or not young age at diagnosis is an adverse prognostic factor in breast cancer has long been controversial, in part because much previous work has not taken due account of menopausal status and confounding factors. We have analysed the influence of age on prognosis in a consecutive series of 1703 patients with stage I-III breast cancer. All were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of pentoxifylline, a US Food and Drug Administration-approved drug, in patients with ALS treated with riluzole. METHODS The authors conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial. Four hundred patients with probable or definite ALS and vital capacity less than 100% were randomly(More)
Axillary dissection in early breast cancer remains controversial because of its substantial side-effects and because its value with respect to recurrence or survival has not been unequivocally proven. Between 1982 and 1987, 658 patients were included in a prospective randomised comparison of lumpectomy alone with lumpectomy plus axillary dissection. All(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway activation has been suggested to negatively influence response to anti-HER2 therapy in breast cancer patients. The present study focused on mutations of the PIK3CA gene, encoding one of the two PI3K subunits. METHODS PIK3CA mutations were assessed by direct sequencing in 80 HER2-positive patients(More)
Treatment for non-metastatic breast cancer (BC) may be the cause of second malignancies in long-term survivors. Our aim was to investigate whether survivors present a higher risk of malignancy than the general population according to treatment received. We analysed data for 16 705 BC survivors treated at the Curie Institute (1981-1997) by either(More)
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is able to reduce the size of the majority of breast tumours and down-stage axillary-node status. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of persistent node involvement after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A total of 488 patients with T2-T3, N0-N1 breast cancer treated by neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by tumour(More)
The purpose of this retrospective multicentre study was to assess the prognostic value of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and p53 levels in a large series of primary breast cancer, using an automatic quantitative luminometric method. Samples of 1245 operable breast tumours were collected from seven French institutions and patients were followed for a(More)