Ben ten Brink

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Streptococcus cremoris was grown in pH-regulated batch and continuous cultures with lactose as the energy source. During growth the magnitude and composition of the electrochemical proton gradient and the lactate concentration gradient were determined. The upper limit of the number of protons translocated with a lactate molecule during lactate excretion(More)
The lactate concentration gradient and the components of the electrochemical proton gradient (delta micro H+) were determined in cells of Streptococcus cremoris growing in batch culture. The membrane potential (delta psi) and the pH gradient (delta pH) were determined from the accumulation of the lipophilic cation tetraphenylphosphonium and the weak acid(More)
The 'energy-recycling model' [Michels et al. (1979) FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 5, 357-364] postulates the generation of an electrochemical gradient across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane by carrier-mediated efflux of metabolic endproducts in symport with protons. Experimental evidence for this model is presented. In membrane vesicles from Escherichia coli ML(More)
This paper presents a trial of a species population trend indicator for evaluating progress towards the 2010 biodiversity target in Europe, using existing data. The indicator integrates trends on different species (groups), and can be aggregated across habitats and countries. Thus, the indicator can deliver both headline messages for high-level(More)
Lactobacillus buchneri ST2A vigorously decarboxylates histidine to the biogenic amine histamine, which is excreted into the medium. Cells grown in the presence of histidine generate both a transmembrane pH gradient, inside alkaline, and an electrical potential (delta psi), inside negative, upon addition of histidine. Studies of the mechanism of histidine(More)
Approximately 1000 lactobacillus strains were isolated and screened for the production of antimicrobial activity, using a target panel of spoilage organisms and pathogens. Only eight positive strains were found; two of these were studied in more detail. Lactobacillus salivarius M7 produces the new broad spectrum bacteriocin salivaricin B which inhibits the(More)