Learn More
Apo2L, or TRAIL, is a type II integral membrane protein belonging to the TNF family which induces apoptotic cell death in a variety of human tumor cells. Apo2L is expressed in many tissues, suggesting that it is nontoxic to normal cells. We found that Apo2L mRNA was induced by interferon (IFN)-alpha and -beta, but not -gamma, in Jurkat cells. To gain a(More)
Cytochrome c (cyto c) release from mitochondria is a critical event in apoptosis. By investigating the ordering of molecular events during genotoxic stress-induced apoptosis, we found that ionizing radiation (IR) and etoposide induced the release of cyto c from mitochondria in two distinct stages. The early release of low levels of cyto c into the cytosol(More)
It has been reported that interferons (IFNs) may have antitumor activity in multiple myeloma (MM). The mechanism for their effect on MM, however, remains elusive. This study shows that IFN-alpha and -beta, but not -gamma, induce apoptosis characterized by Annexin V positivity, nuclear fragmentation and condensation, and loss of clonogenicity in 3 MM cell(More)
Radiation-induced gene expression was examined in cells of a radioresistant human glioblastoma cell line, T98G, using RNA fingerprinting by arbitrary primer polymerase chain reaction. Three of the differentially induced transcripts were cloned and identified as the mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase (MTCO) subunits 1 and 2, and NADH dehydrogenase(More)
Cells respond to genotoxic stress by activation of many genes, including the tumor suppressor p53. p53 activates transcriptionally target genes, such as p21waf1 and gadd45, which can lead to cell cycle arrest, or bax, which can lead to cell death. We examined the response to genotoxic stress in two hematopoietic cell lines that harbor either wild-type(More)
Ionizing radiation is a major tool for cancer treatment. The response of eukaryotic cells to ionizing radiation includes apoptosis, a process which requires activation of multiple genes. We sought to determine whether radiation-induced gene expression plays a role in radiation-induced apoptosis. We found Apo2 ligand (Apo2L, also called TRAIL) mRNA induction(More)
Bcl-2 family proteins and interleukin-1-beta converting enzyme/Caenorhabditis elegans cell death gene-3 (ICE/CED-3) family proteases (caspases) represent the basic regulators of apoptosis. However, the precise mechanism by which they interact is unclear. In this study, we found that gamma-radiation-induced apoptosis of leukemia cells was associated with(More)
We have recently identified nc886 (pre-miR-886 or vtRNA2-1) as a novel type of non-coding RNA that inhibits activation of protein kinase R (PKR). PKR's pro-apoptotic role through eukaryotic initiation factor 2 α (eIF2α) phosphorylation is well established in the host defense against viral infection. Paradoxically, some cancer patients have elevated PKR(More)
Cyclin E is essential for progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle and initiation of DNA replication by interacting with, and activating its catalytic partner, the cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2). We found a substantial increase in cyclin E mRNA, accompanied by increased production of cyclin E protein and cyclin E/Cdk2 kinase activity in multiple(More)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma upregulated factor (PAUF) is a new oncogene that activates signaling pathways that play a critical role in resistance to gemcitabine. We thus speculated that PAUF also plays a role in resistance to gemcitabine of pancreatic cancer cells. We established BxPC-3 cell lines with stable PAUF knockdown (BxPC-3_shPAUF) and controls(More)