Ben W Greatrex

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Essential oils have been hydrodistilled and characterized from 21 populations of taxa currently assigned to the endemic Australian species Phebalium squamulosum (Rutaceae: Boronieae) using GC-MS, NMR and quantified using GC-FID. Essential oils were further examined using principle component analysis to distinguish chemotypes, then screened for antimicrobial(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE Eremophila longifolia is considered by some Australian Aboriginal tribal groups to be among the most significant of the medicinal plants in contemporary and traditional use. Usage modalities traditionally involved lipophilic extraction into animal fats and most importantly, ceremonial or medicinal smoking applications,(More)
We report the synthesis of a series of novel epoxy endoperoxide compounds that can be prepared in high yields in one to three steps from simple starting materials. Some of these compounds inhibit the growth of Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. Structure-activity studies indicate that an endoperoxide ring bisubstituted with saturated cyclic moieties is the(More)
N-ribosyl phosphorylases and hydrolases catalyze nucleophilic displacement reactions by migration of the cationic ribooxacarbenium carbon from the fixed purine to phosphate and water nucleophiles, respectively. As the lysis reaction progresses along the reaction coordinate, the distance between the purine and carbocation increases and the distance between(More)
Fifteen new endoperoxides have been synthesised and tested for activity against pathogenic Candida species. These endoperoxides can be prepared in high yields, in one to three steps, from inexpensive starting materials. Despite chemical and structural similarities, their inhibitory activity against Candida growth varied greatly from one endoperoxide to(More)
The regioselectivity of the metal-catalyzed ring opening of unsymmetrical 1,2-dioxines to cis-gamma-hydroxyenones was investigated using two different Co(II) salen complexes. Regioselectivity was determined by direct examination of the enone ratios and by derivitization with a stabilized phosphorus ylide. The steric influence of the substituents on the(More)
A series of 3,4,6-substituted 3,6-dihydro-1,2-dioxines were epoxidized with m-chloroperbenzoic acid to furnish perhydrooxireno[2,3-d][1,2]dioxines (epoxy-1,2-dioxines) in yields ranging from 51% to 93% with de's from 26% to 100%. Unsymmetrical epoxy-1,2-dioxines were ring-opened using triethylamine to yield 4-hydroxy-2,3-epoxy-ketones quantitatively, and(More)
In an attempt to discover a new synthetic vaccine adjuvant, the glycosylation of hederagenin, gypsogenin, and oleanolic acid acceptors with di- and trisaccharide donors to generate a range of mimics of natural product QS-21 was carried out. The saponins were formulated with phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol, and the structures analyzed by transmission(More)
Immunostimulatory saponin based colloidal antigen delivery systems show promise as adjuvants for subunit vaccines. For this reason, allyl oleanolate was glycosylated at the 3-position using trichloroacetimidate donors to give monodesmodic saponins following deprotection. Bisdesmodic saponins were synthesized by double glycosylation at the 3- and(More)
Addition of highly stabilized ester nucleophiles to 1,2-dioxines affords good to high yields of gamma-lactones with high diastereoselectivity. Heterolytic or homolytic cleavage of the 1,2-dioxines under appropriate conditions generates the key reactive cis gamma-hydroxy enones, which ultimately afford the observed gamma-lactones. Diastereoselectivity is(More)