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A fusiform bacterium with 3 to 14 multiple bipolar sheathed flagella and periplasmic fibers wrapped around the cell was isolated from the liver, bile, and lower intestine of aged, inbred mice. The bacteria grew at 37 and 42 degrees C under microaerophilic conditions, rapidly hydrolyzed urea, were catalase and oxidase positive, reduced nitrate to nitrite,(More)
The identification of a new murine pathogen, Helicobacter hepaticus, and its association with chronic active hepatitis and liver tumors prompted an evaluation of the prevalence of H. hepaticus in commercially available mice. Of the 28 different strains or stocks, totaling 160 mice from four major commercial vendors, cultured for H. hepaticus, 100% of mice(More)
Hepatitis, proliferative typhlitis, and colitis were characterized in young adult and older SCID/NCr mice naturally infected with Helicobacter hepaticus. Liver lesions consisted of Kupffer, Ito, and oval cell hyperplasia along with multifocal to coalescing coagulative hepatocyte necrosis. Numerous Warthin-Starry-positive bacteria were observed in the(More)
Helicobacter hepaticus has been associated with naturally occurring hepatitis in certain inbred strains of mice, and in A/JCr mice it has been linked to the development of hepatic adenomas and adenocarcinomas. H. hepaticus was orally inoculated into 30 axenic, outbred female mice, and the mice were studied longitudinally to fulfill Koch's postulates and to(More)
Campylobacter pylori isolates from 37 symptomatic patients and 3 asymptomatic volunteers were examined by chromosomal DNA restriction endonuclease analysis and determination of plasmid profile. Restriction digests with HindIII, HaeIII, PvuII, and BglII produced clear and reproducible results that permitted discrimination between different strains. Only 35%(More)
The intracellular Campylobacter-like organism associated with proliferative enteropathy of rabbits is closely related to Lawsonia intracellularis, the primary pathogen in porcine intestinal adenomatosis. Polymerase chain reaction primers based on the 16S rRNA gene of L. intracellularis were used to amplify DNA harvested from intestinal tissues of rabbits(More)
To determine whether omeprazole eradicates Helicobacter pylori infection of the gastric antrum, six adolescents and one adult with H. pylori colonization of the antrum were entered into a clinical, open trial of medical therapy. Histologic evidence of antral gastritis and three complementary methods to document H. pylori colonization of the stomach (silver(More)
Helicobacter hepaticus colonizes the cecum and colon of several strains of mice from a variety of commercial suppliers, persistently infects mice, causes chronic hepatitis, is linked to hepatic tumors in A/JCr mice, and has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease of athymic and scid mice. For this reason, eradication of the organism from infected(More)
The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori establishes long-term chronic infections that can lead to gastritis, peptic ulcers, and cancer. The species is so diverse that distinctly different strains are generally recovered from each patient. To better understand the dynamics of long-term carriage, we characterized H. pylori isolates from initial and follow-up(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter mustelae colonizes the gastric mucosa of ferrets and causes persistent chronic gastritis. METHODS Hypochlorhydria, as measured by gastric pH probe, was induced by administering oral omeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor of the parietal cell, to adult ferrets in two separate experiments. Feces of ferrets were cultured for H. mustelae(More)