Ben R Clower

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A substantial number of rat models have been used to research subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced cerebral vasospasm; however, controversy exists regarding which method of selection is appropriate for this species. This study was designed to provide extensive information about the three most popular subarachnoid hemorrhage rat models: the endovascular puncture(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the role of endothelin-A (ET(A)) receptors in mediating the hypertension and renal injury associated with high salt intake in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats. To achieve this goal, we examined the effects of chronic selective ET(A) antagonist (A-127722) treatment at a dose of 10 mg/kg/d on arterial pressure, renal(More)
Cerebral vasospasm is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Despite numerous studies, the pathogenesis of this deadly disorder is not clearly understood. Alterations in endothelial cells are a distinct morphological feature of cerebral vasospasm and some recent studies suggest that apoptosis might(More)
The role of blood platelets in producing early intimal changes in cerebral arteries following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was examined by using 18 cats. Experimental SAH was produced by a rupture of the proximal portion of the right middle cerebral artery. Following SAH, the scanning electron microscope revealed that structural alterations in the intimal(More)
While the rat has been used extensively in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-cerebral vasospasm studies, concerns exist whether this animal represents a usable model because its time course and pattern of cerebral vasospasm following SAH is not comparable to that observed in man. At present, our knowledge of the rat model is based almost exclusively on studies(More)
Histological, histochemical, and histoimmunological studies were conducted on cerebral arteries from three living patients with a recent subarachnoid hemorrhage. There seemed to be a correlation between the severity of vasospasm and the magnitude of pathological alterations. Myofibroblasts and Type V collagen within the medial layer were abundant in vessels(More)
BACKGROUND The leading cause of death and disability in patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is cerebral vasospasm, a persistent, progressive, and often irreversible constriction of cerebral arteries. A wide array of pathological changes occur in cerebral arteries following SAH, with endothelial injury being the earliest and most(More)
Blood components such as oxyhemoglobin are believed to cause cerebral vasospasm by inducing contraction and cell death in cerebral arteries. We have observed previously that oxyhemoglobin produces apoptotic changes in cultured endothelial cells. This study was undertaken to explore if bilirubin, a bi-product of hemoglobin degradation, will produce similar(More)
BACKGROUND Constriction of the sciatic nerve by loose ligation produces an inflammatory neuropathic injury. This represents an animal model for peripheral mononeuropathy. Oxygen-derived free radicals are suspected to play an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion injury, leading to neurogenic inflammation. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has(More)