Ben R Clower

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In patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage, particularly hemorrhage due to aneurysmal rupture, there was a positive significant relation between angiographic vessel constriction and vessel pathology (angiopathy). Furthermore, there was a positive relationship between post-hemorrhage survival time and the severity of angiopathy. Factors such as age, sex,(More)
A substantial number of rat models have been used to research subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced cerebral vasospasm; however, controversy exists regarding which method of selection is appropriate for this species. This study was designed to provide extensive information about the three most popular subarachnoid hemorrhage rat models: the endovascular puncture(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the role of endothelin-A (ET(A)) receptors in mediating the hypertension and renal injury associated with high salt intake in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats. To achieve this goal, we examined the effects of chronic selective ET(A) antagonist (A-127722) treatment at a dose of 10 mg/kg/d on arterial pressure, renal(More)
A micro-corrosion technique was used to demonstrate an extensive vasa vasorum network in extracranial vessels but did not reveal this system in intracranial vessels of comparable size in three species of animals. The absence of a vasa vasorum network in cerebral vessels may result in a higher level of susceptibility to periarterial abnormalities, such as(More)
Cerebral vasospasm is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Despite numerous studies, the pathogenesis of this deadly disorder is not clearly understood. Alterations in endothelial cells are a distinct morphological feature of cerebral vasospasm and some recent studies suggest that apoptosis might(More)
The role of blood platelets in producing early intimal changes in cerebral arteries following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was examined by using 18 cats. Experimental SAH was produced by a rupture of the proximal portion of the right middle cerebral artery. Following SAH, the scanning electron microscope revealed that structural alterations in the intimal(More)
Histological, histochemical, and histoimmunological studies were conducted on cerebral arteries from three living patients with a recent subarachnoid hemorrhage. There seemed to be a correlation between the severity of vasospasm and the magnitude of pathological alterations. Myofibroblasts and Type V collagen within the medial layer were abundant in vessels(More)
Rhesus monkeys were subjected to subarachnoid hemorrhage by either the introduction of blood into the subarachnoid space or by mechanically rupturing the middle cerebral artery. Local cerebral blood flow, vascular compliance studies, and histological studies (light and electron microscope) were made of the vessels of all animals. In animals hemorrhaged via(More)
Histoimmunological, histochemical, and histological studies were conducted on cerebral arteries from four living patients with a recent aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. There appeared to be a correlation between the severity of vasospasm and the magnitude of pathological findings. Large myofibroblast cells and type V collagen within the medial layer(More)
Intimal accumulation of indium-111-labeled platelets in the middle cerebral arteries was examined in two different models of experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in the cat. SAH was produced in 7 subjects by a transorbital rupture of the right middle cerebral artery (RMCA) and in 10 subjects by the transorbital cisternal injection of 2 ml of(More)