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The reactive thiol in cysteine is used for coupling maleimide linkers in the generation of antibody conjugates. To assess the impact of the conjugation site, we engineered cysteines into a therapeutic HER2/neu antibody at three sites differing in solvent accessibility and local charge. The highly solvent-accessible site rapidly lost conjugated(More)
Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate in clinical development for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive cancers. Herein, we describe a series of studies to assess T-DM1 absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) in rats as well as to assess human exposure to T-DM1 catabolites.(More)
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are designed to combine the exquisite specificity of antibodies to target tumor antigens with the cytotoxic potency of chemotherapeutic drugs. In addition to the general chemical stability of the linker, a thorough understanding of the relationship between ADC composition and biological disposition is necessary to ensure that(More)
Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody–drug conjugate (ADC) therapeutic for treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive cancers. The T-DM1 dose product contains a mixture of drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR) moieties whereby the small molecule DM1 is chemically conjugated to trastuzumab antibody. The pharmacokinetics (PK)(More)
3A5 is a novel antibody that binds repeated epitopes within CA125, an ovarian tumor antigen that is shed into the circulation. Binding to shed antigen may limit the effectiveness of therapeutic antibodies because of unproductive immune complex (IC) formation and/or altered antibody distribution. To evaluate this possibility, we characterized the impact of(More)
Off-target binding can significantly affect the pharmacokinetics (PK), tissue distribution, efficacy and toxicity of a therapeutic antibody. Herein we describe the development of a humanized anti- fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) antibody as a potential therapeutic for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A chimeric anti FGFR4 monoclonal antibody(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE, a cytotoxic agent), upon releasing from valine-citrulline-MMAE (vc-MMAE) antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), is expected to behave like small molecules. Therefore, evaluating the drug-drug interaction (DDI) potential associated with MMAE is important in the clinical development of ADCs. The objective of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) is a VEGF receptor that is widely expressed in normal tissues and is involved in tumour angiogenesis. MNRP1685A is a rodent and primate cross-binding human monoclonal antibody against NRP1 that exhibits inhibition of tumour growth in NPR1-expressing preclinical models. However, widespread NRP1 expression in normal(More)
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) have a significant impact toward the treatment of cancer, as evidenced by the clinical activity of the recently approved ADCs, brentuximab vedotin for Hodgkin lymphoma and ado-trastuzumab emtansine (trastuzumab-MCC-DM1) for metastatic HER2+ breast cancer. DM1 is an analog of the natural product maytansine, a microtubule(More)
Delta-like-4 ligand (DLL4) plays an important role in vascular development and is widely expressed on the vasculature of normal and tumor tissues. Anti-DLL4 is a humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody against DLL4. The purpose of these studies was to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK), tissue distribution, and anti-tumor efficacy of anti-DLL4 in mice over a(More)