Ben P. Haynes

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BACKGROUND Adjuvant tamoxifen therapy substantially decreases the risk of recurrence and mortality in women with hormone (estrogen and/or progesterone) receptor-positive breast cancer. Previous studies have suggested that metabolic conversion of tamoxifen to endoxifen by cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) is required for patient benefit from tamoxifen therapy. (More)
PURPOSE To compare the effects of the two novel, potent, nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors anastrozole and letrozole on total-body aromatization and plasma estrogen levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twelve postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-positive, metastatic breast cancer were treated with anastrozole 1 mg orally (PO) and letrozole 2.5 mg PO once(More)
PURPOSE The concentration of estradiol (E(2)) in breast tumors is significantly higher than that in plasma, particularly in postmenopausal women. The contribution of local E(2) synthesis versus uptake of E(2) from the circulation is controversial. Our aim was to identify possible determinants of intratumoral E(2) levels in breast cancer patients. (More)
Reduced intra-tumoral drug concentrations have been investigated as a mechanism of tamoxifen resistance in 51 patients with locally recurrent breast cancer. Serum tamoxifen was similar in patients with acquired and de-novo resistance, but intra-tumoral concentrations were significantly lower in patients with acquired resistance. Tumour oestrogen-receptor(More)
Recent clinical trials indicate that the third-generation aromatase inhibitors may be more effective than tamoxifen as first line endocrine therapy in ER+ metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women. This review will focus exclusively on the pharmacology of the non-steroidal inhibitor letrozole. Aromatase derived from a variety of sources is inhibited(More)
We report 2 cases of renal transplant recipients in whom hepatosplenic gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma (gamma-delta HSTCL) developed 5 and 10 years after transplantation. Both patients had marked hepatosplenomegaly, B symptoms (weight loss, fever, and night sweats), and abnormal peripheral blood findings, including anemia in both, thrombocytopenia and(More)
Two potent non-steroidal inhibitors (CB7645 and CB7661) of human cytochrome P450(17alpha) were tested for in vivo activity in WHT mice. There were no signs of toxicity, but there was no effect on the androgen-dependent organs. The pharmacokinetics and biochemistry of the compounds in mice were investigated. Following i.p. administration of 0.5 mmol/kg of(More)
Medical or surgical castration for the treatment of prostatic cancers prevents androgen production by the testes, but not by the adrenals. Inhibition of the key enzyme for androgen biosynthesis, cytochrome P450(17) alpha, could prevent androgen production from both sources. The in vivo effects of 17-(3-pyridyl)androsta-5,16-dien-3 beta-ol (CB7598) and(More)
Idoxifene, a novel antiestrogen with reduced estrogenic activity when compared to tamoxifen, has been given to 20 women with metastatic breast cancer, 19 of whom had received tamoxifen previously, in doses between 10-60 mg. Idoxifene had an initial half-life of 15 h and a terminal half-life of 23.3 days. At a maintenance dose of 20 mg, a mean steady-state(More)
Third generation aromatase inhibitors have excellent specificity. Some reports indicate that letrozole may have a minor effect on cortisol synthesis but these were not confirmed: valid comparisons with other aromatase inhibitors requires randomised study. The putative use of a third generation inhibitor as a single agent in premenopausal women has been(More)