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Functionalized biomaterial scaffolds targeted at improving axonal regeneration by enhancing guided axonal growth provide a promising approach for the repair of spinal cord injury. Collagen neural conduits provide structural guidance for neural tissue regeneration, and in this study it is shown that these conduits can also act as a reservoir for sustained(More)
Controlled/living radical polymerization (CRP) is a widely used technique that allows the synthesis of defined polymer architectures through precise control of molecular weights and distributions. However, the architectures of polymers prepared by the CRP techniques are limited to linear, cross-linked, and branched/dendritic structures. Here, we report the(More)
We explore a kinetically controlled strategy to suppress the gelation in the homopolymerization of multi-vinyl monomers (MVMs) via RAFT polymerization. We report the generation of 3D single cyclized polymer structures from the RAFT process, which significantly contradicts the classic F-S theory. This approach enables synthesis of a new generation of(More)
The large research effort focused on enhancing nonviral transfection vectors has clearly demonstrated that their macromolecular structure has a significant effect on their transfection efficacy. The 3D branched polymeric structures, such as dendrimers, have proved to be a very effective structure for polymeric transfection vectors; however, so far the(More)
A hyperbranched 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) based polymer has been synthesised by a one-pot in situ deactivation enhanced atom transfer radical polymerisation (DE-ATRP); it exhibits much higher transfection ability than linear poly(DMAEMA) and is comparable to the well known branched poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) and the SuperFect dendrimer(More)
Delivery of neurotrophic factors to the brain via genetically modified bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offers a promising neuroprotective strategy for neurodegenerative diseases. However, MSCs delivered to the CNS typically show poor survival post-transplantation, which is accompanied by microglial activation and astrocyte recruitment at(More)
Current medical adhesives based on cyanoacrylates typically exhibit cellular toxicity. In contrast, fibrin adhesives are non-toxic but have poor adhesive properties. To overcome these drawbacks we designed a simple and scalable adhesive precursor inspired by marine mussel adhesion that functioned with strong adhesion in wet conditions and with low(More)
A series of degradable branched PDMAEMA copolymers were investigated with the linear PDMAEMA counterpart as gene-delivery vectors. The branched PDMAEMA copolymers were synthesized by controlled radical cross-linking copolymerization based on the "vinyl oligomer combination" approach. Efficient degradation properties were observed for all of the copolymers.(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a platform transfection technology, for applications in the brain, which could transfect astrocytes without requiring cell specific functionalization and without the common cause of toxicity through high charge density. Here we show that a simple and scalable preparation technique can be used to produce a "knot"(More)
Over the last twenty years there have been several reports on the use of nonviral vectors to facilitate gene transfer in the mammalian brain. Whilst a large emphasis has been placed on vector transfection efficiency, the study of the adverse effects upon the brain, caused by the vectors themselves, remains completely overshadowed. To this end, a study was(More)