Ben M. Clopton

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Cochlear implants are electrically driven in monopolar, bipolar, or common ground mode. Ideally, a quadrupolar mode is created with three colinear electrodes, where the outer poles are half the inverse polarity value of the center electrode. The resulting field is highly focused. Models of point sources show that the quadrupolar paradigm offers a greater(More)
Spectrotemporal receptive fields (STRFs) [Hermes et al., Hear. Res. 5, 147-178, 1981] for neurons in the cochlear nuclei (CN) of guinea pig were estimated. Sixteen periodic segments of bandlimited, synthesized noise evoked replicable, distinctive period histograms for spike discharges. All driven units in the major divisions of the CN having their(More)
Tissue impedance was measured in the cochleas of monkeys and guinea pigs implanted with electrode arrays. The impedances were measured within the scala tympani and between the scala tympani and the internal auditory meatus of the modiolus. The measurements revealed several impedance properties. 1) The impedances inside and outside of the scala tympani are(More)
This study examines the encoding of rapid frequency sweeps in single units of the ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN). Sweeps were designed to explore the role of cochlear mechanics in shaping the temporal responses across cells in the VCN. The time course of frequency change for rapidly rising frequency sweeps theoretically produced simultaneous displacement(More)
Potential distributions measured within the scala tympani of the anesthetized guinea pig support the assertion that focusing is possible when currents are appropriately delivered to the electrodes in the scala tympani. Results obtained with a lumped-element model agree with measurements made in the inner ears of monkeys during monopolar and bipolar(More)
Spectrotemporal receptive fields (STRFs) were estimated for chopper and pauser units recorded in guinea pig dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN). Sixteen wideband, periodic noise stimuli, represented as time-frequency surfaces of energy density, were cross correlated in time with the unit's corresponding period histograms to determine if specific energy patterns(More)