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Parasitic nematodes that cause elephantiasis and river blindness threaten hundreds of millions of people in the developing world. We have sequenced the approximately 90 megabase (Mb) genome of the human filarial parasite Brugia malayi and predict approximately 11,500 protein coding genes in 71 Mb of robustly assembled sequence. Comparative analysis with the(More)
Microarray technology permits high-throughput comparisons of gene expression in different parasite stages or sexes and has been used widely. We report the first use of this technology for analysis of gene expression in filarial male and female worms. The slide array (comprised of 65-mer oligos representing 3569 EST clusters) was spotted with sequences(More)
Glutamate-gated chloride channels (GluCl) are targets for avermectin/milbemycin (A/M) anthelmintics such as ivermectin that cause paralysis of somatic and pharyngeal muscles in gastrointestinal nematodes. Ivermectin is useful for onchocerciasis control programs because of its activity against microfilariae that often cause ocular disease and severe(More)
Vaccination with irradiated infective larvae induces partial protective immunity to infection with the filarial nematode Brugia malayi in jirds. Prior studies have shown that such immunization stimulates a much stronger antibody response to recombinant and native filarial paramyosin than that seen after normal infection. To determine whether vaccination(More)
Immunological crossreactivity among nematodes has hampered development of specific serodiagnostic assays for lymphatic filariasis. In the present study, we report the molecular cloning and characterization of two filaria-specific recombinant clones (BmM5 and BmM14) with immunodiagnostic potential. BmM5 is a 505-bp cDNA which codes for a protein of 130(More)
Improved understanding of the biology of reproduction in filarial worms may lead to identification of new targets for drugs or vaccines. Real-time RT-PCR is increasingly being adopted for RNA quantification and genetic analysis. Candidate gender-regulated genes were selected from genes identified in prior studies by differential display RT-PCR and by(More)
A keratin-degrading bacterium of Bacillus licheniformis BBE11-1 was isolated and its ker gene encoding keratinase with native signal peptide was cloned and expressed in Bacillus subtilis WB600 under the strong P HpaII promoter of the pMA0911 vector. In the 3-L fermenter, the recombinant keratinase was secreted with 323 units/mL when non-induced after 24 h(More)
Improved methods are needed for field diagnosis of onchocerciasis, to support efforts aimed at elimination of the disease. A rapid-format card test was evaluated that detects IgG4 antibodies to recombinant Onchocerca volvulus antigen Ov16 with serum samples from patients with onchocerciasis and with various types of control serum samples. The sensitivity of(More)
We used in situ hybridization (ISH) to localize expression of gender-biased genes in the filarial parasite Brugia malayi that were previously identified by microarray analysis and quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR). We studied seven genes with male-biased expression, 11 genes with female-biased expression, and one control gene with equal(More)
Background: DNA vaccination is a convenient means of immunizing animals with recombinant parasite antigens. DNA delivery methods are believed to affect the qualitative nature of immune responses to DNA vaccines in ways that may affect their protective activity. However, relatively few studies have directly compared immune responses to plasmids encoding the(More)