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Parasitic nematodes that cause elephantiasis and river blindness threaten hundreds of millions of people in the developing world. We have sequenced the approximately 90 megabase (Mb) genome of the human filarial parasite Brugia malayi and predict approximately 11,500 protein coding genes in 71 Mb of robustly assembled sequence. Comparative analysis with the(More)
Microarray technology permits high-throughput comparisons of gene expression in different parasite stages or sexes and has been used widely. We report the first use of this technology for analysis of gene expression in filarial male and female worms. The slide array (comprised of 65-mer oligos representing 3569 EST clusters) was spotted with sequences(More)
Glutamate-gated chloride channels (GluCl) are targets for avermectin/milbemycin (A/M) anthelmintics such as ivermectin that cause paralysis of somatic and pharyngeal muscles in gastrointestinal nematodes. Ivermectin is useful for onchocerciasis control programs because of its activity against microfilariae that often cause ocular disease and severe(More)
Improved understanding of the biology of reproduction in filarial worms may lead to identification of new targets for drugs or vaccines. Real-time RT-PCR is increasingly being adopted for RNA quantification and genetic analysis. Candidate gender-regulated genes were selected from genes identified in prior studies by differential display RT-PCR and by(More)
Vaccination with irradiated infective larvae induces partial protective immunity to infection with the filarial nematode Brugia malayi in jirds. Prior studies have shown that such immunization stimulates a much stronger antibody response to recombinant and native filarial paramyosin than that seen after normal infection. To determine whether vaccination(More)
Immunological crossreactivity among nematodes has hampered development of specific serodiagnostic assays for lymphatic filariasis. In the present study, we report the molecular cloning and characterization of two filaria-specific recombinant clones (BmM5 and BmM14) with immunodiagnostic potential. BmM5 is a 505-bp cDNA which codes for a protein of 130(More)
BACKGROUND A better understanding of reproductive processes in parasitic nematodes may lead to development of new anthelmintics and control strategies for combating disabling and disfiguring neglected tropical diseases such as lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis. Transcriptomatic analysis has provided important new insights into mechanisms of(More)
Over a billion people are infected by Ascaris spp. intestinal parasites. To clarify functional differences among tissues of adult A. suum, we compared gene expression by various tissues of these worms by expression microarray methods. The A. suum genome was sequenced and assembled to allow generation of microarray elements. Expression of over 40,000 60-mer(More)
Sedimentation is one of the most important processes that determine the performance of the activated sludge process (ASP), and secondary settling tanks (SSTs) have been frequently investigated with the mathematical models for design and operation optimization. Nevertheless their performance is often far from satisfactory. The starting point of this paper is(More)
Filarial parasites release macromolecules into their environment both in vitro and in vivo. These excretory-secretory products (E-S) have been studied with respect to function, vaccination potential, pathogenicity, and ability to serve as antigen targets for diagnostic tests. We have recently described monoclonal antibody OV-1 which binds to an intermediate(More)