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BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is endemic and poses a grave public health problem in Africa where it is mainly transmitted from mother to baby or during childhood. Sexual transmission has also been suggested to play a role in East Africa, but this has never been properly demonstrated. Additional preventive strategies may be proposed if sexual(More)
A study was carried out to assess the attitudes and beliefs about blood donation among the population of Mwanza Region, Tanzania, in order to target better the voluntary blood donor recruitment and retention. A random sample of 1141 adults, 743 residents of Mwanza town and 398 from Mwanza rural areas were interviewed on aspects related to blood donation. A(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify the best method of autologous blood transfusion to be applied in an East African hospital. One hundred and nine consecutive patients for whom major blood loss was anticipated were enrolled. Seventeen patients donated 1 unit of blood 3 days preoperatively and 92 underwent acute isovolaemic haemodilution prior to(More)
We evaluated the enrollment of secondary school students as voluntary unremunerated blood donors in a city where the HIV-1 prevalence among the adult population is 11.8%. Between 1st July, 1992 and 1st December, 1993, consecutive blood donors were screened for anti-HIV-1, TPHA, HBsAg and anti-HBc. Test results were related to age, sex, voluntary or relative(More)
OBJECTIVE A systematic review of studies assessing the effectiveness of acupuncture-type interventions (moxibustion, acupuncture, or electro-acupuncture) on acupuncture point BL 67 to correct breech presentation compared to expectant management, based on controlled trials. DATA SOURCES Articles published from 1980 to May 2007 in databases of Medline,(More)
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