Ben J Bolaños

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Covalent inhibition is a reemerging paradigm in kinase drug design, but the roles of inhibitor binding affinity and chemical reactivity in overall potency are not well-understood. To characterize the underlying molecular processes at a microscopic level and determine the appropriate kinetic constants, specialized experimental design and advanced numerical(More)
Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) mediates gene silencing through chromatin reorganization by methylation of histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27). Overexpression of the complex and point mutations in the individual subunits of PRC2 have been shown to contribute to tumorigenesis. Several inhibitors of the PRC2 activity have shown efficacy in EZH2-mutated(More)
The single biggest problem with solution-phase H/D exchange as a mass spectrometric probe of surface exposure in a protein (or protein complex) is back-exchange of H for D after the initial H/D exchange has been quenched. Back-exchange results in loss of pertinent data and also greatly hampers data analysis. Previously, very fast, cold (0-4 degrees C) HPLC(More)
Previous reports describe modulators of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP)-caspase interaction designed from the AVPI N-terminal peptide sequence of second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase. A fragment-based drug design strategy was initiated to identify therapeutic non-peptidomimetic antagonists of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis(More)
Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICRMS) was coupled with atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) for the first time and used for the analysis of several corticosteroids.1 The analytes showed excellent response using APPI when compared with both electrospray ionization (ESI) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization(More)
Human growth hormone was conjugated to a carrier aldolase antibody, using a novel linker by connecting a disulphide bond in growth hormone to a lysine-94 amine located on the Fab arm of the antibody. The resulting CovX body showed reduced affinity towards human growth hormone receptor, reduced cell-based activity, but improved pharmacodynamic properties. We(More)
The advantage of high-speed time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (TOF-MS) detection for ultrafast qualitative supercritical fluid chromatography/mass spectrometry (SFC/MS) applications allows the superior resolving power of SFC to be exploited in high-throughput analysis. A chromatographic comparison of quadrupole MS and TOF-MS shows high-speed TOF total ion(More)
The PKN (protein kinase N) family of Ser/Thr protein kinases regulates a diverse set of cellular functions, such as cell migration and cytoskeletal organization. Inhibition of tumour PKN activity has been explored as an oncology therapeutic approach, with a PKN3-targeted RNAi (RNA interference)-derived therapeutic agent in Phase I clinical trials. To better(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinase family consisting of Tyro3, Axl, and Mer (TAM) is one of the most recently identified receptor tyrosine kinase families. TAM receptors are up-regulated postnatally and maintained at high levels in adults. They all play an important role in immunity, but Axl has also been implicated in cancer and therefore is a target in the(More)
The characterization of conjugation sites in bioconjugates is critical in the early discovery phase because site-specific conjugation improves in vivo stability and drug efficacy. We previously developed an engineered monoclonal antibody (mAb) scaffold which enables site-specific conjugation toward a reactive lysine (Lys) residue on each heavy chain (HC) by(More)