Ben J. A. Janssen

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This study compared spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) estimates obtained from an identical set of data by 11 European centers using different methods and procedures. Noninvasive blood pressure (BP) and ECG recordings were obtained in 21 subjects, including 2 subjects with established baroreflex failure. Twenty-one estimates of BRS were obtained by(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) is crucial in the pathology of major cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Paradoxically, both the lack of oxygen during ischemia and the replenishment of oxygen during reperfusion can cause tissue injury. Clinical outcome is also determined by a third, post-reperfusion phase characterized by(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac hypertrophy is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in men and in women. Epidemiological studies indicate that estrogen replacement therapy is cardioprotective; the mechanisms involved in this process, however, are poorly understood. We therefore studied the effect of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) on the(More)
To study whether the brain renin-angiotensin system plays a role in the long-term and short-term control of blood pressure and heart rate variability, we examined in transgenic rats [TGR(ASrAOGEN)] with low brain angiotensinogen levels the 24-hour variation of blood pressure and heart rate. Telemetry recordings were made during basal and hypertensive(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy can lead to heart failure (HF), but it is unpredictable which hypertrophied myocardium will progress to HF. We surmised that apart from hypertrophy-related genes, failure-related genes are expressed before the onset of failure, permitting molecular prediction of HF. Hearts from hypertensive homozygous renin-overexpressing (Ren-2) rats(More)
Control of blood pressure and of blood flow is essential for maintenance of homeostasis. The hemodynamic state is adjusted by intrinsic, neural, and hormonal mechanisms to optimize adaptation to internal and environmental challenges. In the last decade, many studies showed that modification of the mouse genome may alter the capacity of cardiovascular(More)
In conscious resting rats, beat-to-beat fluctuations in systemic mean arterial pressure (MAP) were compared with those in cardiac output and those in blood flow in the renal, mesenteric, and hindquarter vascular beds. Spontaneous oscillations (lability) in MAP were observed in frequency bands centered about 1.6 Hz (high: HF), 0.4 Hz (mid: MF), and 0.13 Hz(More)
The developmentally important hedgehog (Hh) pathway is activated in ischemic tissue, and exogenously administered Sonic hedgehog (Shh) supports tissue repair after cardiac ischemia. Hence, it is currently assumed that the endogenous increase in Shh during ischemia serves a beneficial role in limiting cardiac tissue damage. To prove or refute this(More)
We investigated the role of CD40 and CD40L in neointima formation and identified the downstream CD40-signaling intermediates (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-receptor associated factors [TRAF]) involved. Neointima formation was induced in wild-type, CD40(-/-), CD40L(-/-), and in CD40(-/-) mice that contained a CD40 transgene with or without mutations at the(More)