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This study compared spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) estimates obtained from an identical set of data by 11 European centers using different methods and procedures. Noninvasive blood pressure (BP) and ECG recordings were obtained in 21 subjects, including 2 subjects with established baroreflex failure. Twenty-one estimates of BRS were obtained by(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a technique for the continuous computerized calculation of the baroreceptor reflex sensitivity (BRS) of the heart rate in rats. DESIGN The BRS was calculated from spontaneous changes in blood pressure and pulse interval using spectral analysis as well as time-series techniques. The BRS values obtained with these(More)
The developmentally important hedgehog (Hh) pathway is activated in ischemic tissue, and exogenously administered Sonic hedgehog (Shh) supports tissue repair after cardiac ischemia. Hence, it is currently assumed that the endogenous increase in Shh during ischemia serves a beneficial role in limiting cardiac tissue damage. To prove or refute this(More)
Myofibroblasts are differentiated fibroblasts that hold a key role in wound healing and remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI). A large repertoire of stimuli, such as mechanical stretch, growth factors, cytokines, and vasoactive peptides, induces myofibroblast differentiation. Myofibroblasts are responsible for the production and deposition of(More)
Control of blood pressure and of blood flow is essential for maintenance of homeostasis. The hemodynamic state is adjusted by intrinsic, neural, and hormonal mechanisms to optimize adaptation to internal and environmental challenges. In the last decade, many studies showed that modification of the mouse genome may alter the capacity of cardiovascular(More)
The low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) is the first described receptor for apolipoprotein E (apoE). We hypothesize that the absence of the LDLR, similar to the absence of apoE, results in impaired learning and memory processes. Six-month-old homozygous Ldlr-/- and wild-type littermates (Ldlr+/+), maintained on a standard lab chow diet, were used.(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) displays significant gender-based differences. 17beta-estradiol (E2) plays an important role in this process because it can attenuate pressure overload hypertrophy via 2 distinct estrogen receptors (ERs): ERalpha and ERbeta. However, which ER is critically involved in the modulation of LVH is poorly understood.(More)
Increased nitric oxide (NO) production is the cause of hypotension and shock during sepsis. In the present experiments, we have measured the contribution of endothelial (e) and inducible (i) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) to systemic NO production in mice under baseline conditions and upon LPS treatment (100 microg/10 g ip LPS). NO synthesis was measured by(More)
We investigated the role of CD40 and CD40L in neointima formation and identified the downstream CD40-signaling intermediates (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-receptor associated factors [TRAF]) involved. Neointima formation was induced in wild-type, CD40(-/-), CD40L(-/-), and in CD40(-/-) mice that contained a CD40 transgene with or without mutations at the(More)
Knowledge on murine blood pressure and heart rate control mechanisms is limited. With the use of a tethering system, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse interval (PI) were continuously recorded for periods up to 3 wk in Swiss mice. The day-to-day variation of MAP and PI was stable from 5 days after surgery. Within each mouse (n = 9), MAP and PI varied by(More)