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PURPOSE The need to develop new methods of surgical training combined with advances in computing has led to the development of sophisticated virtual reality surgical simulators. The PERC Mentortrade mark is designed to train the user in percutaneous renal collecting system access puncture. We evaluated and established face, content and construct validation(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The approach to urinary-stone disease has changed dramatically over the last three decades with a transition from open surgery to minimally invasive procedures. Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) is a cornerstone of the treatment of kidney and selected upper-ureteral stones and continues to evolve with advances in techniques and(More)
OBJECTIVE Surgical treatment of kidney stones in an obese patient (body mass index [BMI] >30 kg/m(2)) remains challenging as shockwave lithotripsy may not be an option due to weight limitations. We sought to determine the effectiveness of ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy in obese patients compared to nonobese controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The gold standard treatment for upper-tract transitional-cell carcinoma is radical nephroureterectomy, but management of the distal ureter is not standardized. Two treatment options to detach the distal ureter are open cystotomy (OC) and excision of a bladder cuff or transurethral incision of the ureteral orifice (TUIUO). We compared(More)
OBJECTIVES The preoperative planning of partial nephrectomy can be facilitated by the ability to view the tumor and surrounding tissue in three-dimensional (3D) virtual reality (VR). A technique to convert Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine computed tomography scan data into a fully 3D VR environment was developed. The model can be transferred(More)
PURPOSE Ureteral stents are commonly used to facilitate kidney drainage but they may produce significant stent symptoms and morbidity, and require a secondary procedure for removal. Previous biodegradable stents showed bio-incompatibility or inconsistent degradation, requiring extra procedures to remove undegraded stent fragments. We previously reported a(More)
Bacterial colonization on implant surfaces and subsequent infections are one of the most common reasons for the failure of many indwelling devices. Several approaches including antimicrobial and antibiotic-eluting coatings on implants have been attempted; however, none of these approaches succeed in vivo. Here we report a polymer brush based implant coating(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Ureteral stents are a mainstay of today's urological armamentarium. This review critically evaluates the recent literature and provides a concise summary of the use of stents in urology today. While stents are used in many reconstructive urologic procedures, this review focuses on the use of stents in urolithiasis as it pertains to(More)
Ureteral stents are commonly used in the field of urology, and, given their indwelling nature, are often a nidus for infection and a cause of discomfort. To minimize symptoms, the urologic surgeon should first consider whether a stent needs to be placed at all. Softer stents do not seem to improve patient comfort. Stents that are too long, specifically(More)
UNLABELLED What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Infection, encrustation and ureteral-stent-related symptoms (USRS) including pain, urgency and frequency are all major problems associated with stent use. No current ureteral stent or exogenously applied therapy adequately deals with these problems and antibiotic use is ineffective once a(More)