Ben H. Brouhard

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Although previous studies have documented neuropsychological deficits in children with end-stage renal disease, few have evaluated and compared the cognitive functioning and the school performance of children with renal failure. The current study evaluated the influence of chronic renal failure on cognitive functioning and school performance in children and(More)
Breast feeding improves the health of children. The greatest significance is to host defense, prevention of autoimmunity, and development of the digestive system; however, the underlying mechanisms for these effects are not well understood. Based on recent evidence that cytokines might be important in these processes, we have used ELISA to quantitate the(More)
Records of 55 percutaneous renal biopsies performed in 53 children aged 5 days to two years were reviewed. Radiographic or ultrasound imaging techniques were not utilized during the biopsy procedure. Forty-nine of 55 biopsy attempts yielded sufficient tissue for histologic evaluation (89.1%). Transient gross hematuria not requiring intervention was the sole(More)
Seven children with asymptomatic gross hematuria are described. Six had recurrent hematuria; one had a single episode. Occasional global glomerulosclerosis and/or mesangial electron dense deposits were present in the three patients in whom renal biopsy was performed; the changes were felt to be insufficient to account for the hematuria. None of the patients(More)
A circulating causative factor has been postulated in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). It has been shown that serum or plasma from some FSGS increases glomerular albumin permeability (Palb) in vitro. Palb greater than 0.5 (i.e., FS activity) is associated with recurrence after transplantation. Specimens from 15 FSGS patients were studied to(More)
Because of the rising cost of health care, more patients are undergoing procedures as outpatients rather than inpatients. The purpose of this study was to compare safety and cost of outpatient versus inpatient, overnight stay, for children undergoing percutaneous renal biopsy. Charts of all such patients between January 1989 through January 1995 were(More)
To determine the prognosis in children with membranous nephropathy, we reviewed the clinicopathologic features and outcome of 22 patients, 11 male and 11 female, age 11 months to 19.9 years (mean 12.0 years). Patients had biopsies within six months of onset of symptoms and were divided into two groups according to the biopsy findings: group 1 (Stages I and(More)
Renal stone disease has been regarded as an uncommon problem in children compared to adults. However, increased awareness of this problem in children may lead to early intervention preventing long-term consequences on the kidney and the urinary tract. This article reviews the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and the most common etiologies of renal stones in(More)
Hemodialysis and hyperlipidemia have been associated in both adults and children. The present study indicates hyperlipidemia in uremic children treated with peritoneal dialysis and implies that the cardiovascular risk felt to exist with hemodialysis also exists in peritoneal dialysis. Thirty-eight children with chronic renal insufficiency or end-stage renal(More)
The clinical course and outcome of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) of variable etiology are not well defined in children. The present investigation reports on the clinical characteristics, the course and outcome, as well as the results of treatment of 13 children with apparent postinfectious RPGN. Three of 7 patients with documented(More)