Learn More
Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs), the enzymes that dephosphorylate tyrosyl phosphoproteins, were initially believed to be few in number and serve a 'housekeeping' role in signal transduction. Recent work indicates that this is totally incorrect. Instead, PTPs comprise a large superfamily whose members play critical roles in a wide variety of cellular(More)
Protein-tyrosyl phosphorylation, regulated by protein tyrosine kinases and protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs), is a key cellular control mechanism. Until recently, little was known about PTPs. However, the past two years have witnessed an explosion of information about PTP structure, regulation and function. Crystal structures of several PTPs have(More)
Many lymphocyte signaling pathways are regulated by protein tyrosyl phosphorylation, which is controlled by protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). Substantial progress has been made in defining the functions of lymphocyte PTPs. Individual PTPs can enhance or diminish cell signaling levels. The transmembrane PTP CD45 is a(More)
We investigated the localization of receptor-type protein-tyrosine phosphatase mu (RPTPmu) in tissues by immunofluorescence. RPTPmu immunoreactivity was found almost exclusively within vascular endothelial cells. RPTPmu was more abundant in the arterial tree than in the venous circulation. This pattern of expression was opposite to that of the von(More)
The crystal structure of the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 reveals the mechanism of auto-inhibition of phosphatase activity by its SH2 domains. Phosphotyrosine peptide stimulation of the phosphatase activity, resulting from peptide binding to the N-terminal SH2 domain, is linked to conformational changes within the protein, including an unprecedented(More)
The importance of tyrosyl phosphorylation in regulating growth factor-receptor-mediated signal transduction is firmly established, but the roles of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) in these pathways are unclear. PTPases that contain src-homology 2 (SH2) domains, which mediate interactions with specific phosphotyrosyl proteins, probably play an(More)
Inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway is a potentially useful therapeutic strategy in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer. However mTOR antagonists used as single agents are not likely to result in dramatic clinical responses, so that it is useful to identify prospective agents that might be useful in combination. We(More)
Tyrosyl phosphorylation plays a key role in B lymphocyte signaling. The mechanisms by which protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) regulate signaling pathways in B cells have been investigated extensively. More recently, attention has turned to the protein--tryosine phosphatases (PTPs), particularly those containing SH2 domains. SHP-1 has been shown to be a(More)
  • 1