Ben E Lockhart

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The 5895 nucleotide long single-stranded RNA genome of Sugarcane yellow leaf virus Florida isolate (SCYLV-F) includes six major ORFs. All but the first of these are homologous to genes of known function encoded by viruses of the three newly defined genera in the LUTEOVIRIDAE: ('luteovirids'), i.e. poleroviruses, luccccteoviruses and the enamoviruses.(More)
The non-enveloped bacilliform viruses are the second group of plant viruses known to possess a genome consisting of circular double-stranded DNA. We have characterized the viral transcript and determined the complete sequence of the genome of Commelina mellow mottle virus (CoYMV), a member of this group. Analysis of the viral transcript indicates that the(More)
The genome of sugarcane bacilliform virus (ScBV), a badnavirus, consists of a circular dsDNA. The complete sequence of a cloned infective ScBV genome is reported here. The genome is 7568 bp in size and possesses a number of features suggesting that ScBV is a pararetrovirus. A tRNA(Met)-binding site that may serve as a primer for minus-strand synthesis is(More)
When some virus- and disease-free Musa spp. (banana and plantain) are propagated by tissue culture, the resulting plants develop infections with banana streak badnavirus (BSV), a pararetrovirus. In sharp contrast to the virion DNA recovered from natural infections, the virion DNA from tissue culture-associated infections of different Musa spp. was highly(More)
A previously undescribed caulimo-like virus was identified in the hybrid tobacco species Nicotiana edwardsonii, and was named tobacco vein clearing virus (TVCV) after the symptoms associated with its occurrence in this plant. The virions of TVCV are 50 nm in diameter and are composed of a 45 kDa capsid protein and a 7767 bp dsDNA genome. Each strand of the(More)
Sequences of various DNA plant viruses have been found integrated into the host genome. There are two forms of integrant, those that can form episomal viral infections and those that cannot. Integrants of three pararetroviruses, Banana streak virus (BSV), Tobacco vein clearing virus (TVCV), and Petunia vein clearing virus (PVCV), can generate episomal(More)
Commelina yellow mottle virus (CoYMV) is a double-stranded DNA virus that infects the monocot Commelina diffusa. Although CoYMV and cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV; another double-stranded DNA virus) probably replicate by a similar mechanism, the particle morphology and host range of CoYMV place it in a distinct group. We present evidence that a prompter(More)
Antibodies were prepared against bacterially expressed Commelina yellow mottle badnavirus (CoYMV) proteins. Antiserum against purified virions and antiserum against the C-terminus of the putative coat protein-encoding region of ORF III detected the same virus-specific proteins, indicating that the CoYMV coat protein is encoded in ORF III. In addition to the(More)
This report describes the complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of Rosa rugosa leaf distortion virus (RrLDV), the causal agent of a previously undescribed virus disease of Rosa rugosa. The RrLDV genome is a positive-sense ssRNA, 3971 nucleotides in length, containing five open reading frames (ORFs). ORF1 encodes a 27-kDa peptide (p27). ORF2(More)
This report describes the complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of rose yellow vein virus (RYVV), a proposed new member of the family Caulimoviridae. The RYVV genome is 9314 bp in size and contains eight open reading frames (ORFs). ORFs 1, 2, and 3 have 22–38 % amino acid sequence similarity to known members of the family Caulimoviridae. The(More)