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Although the mouse is the most commonly used transgenic species, little is known regarding cardiovascular and fluid homeostasis in this animal. Therefore, the reference microsphere and dilution techniques were adapted for the measurement of cardiac output (CO), regional blood flows, and intravascular fluid volumes in the conscious mouse. Previously(More)
-Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in skeletal muscle may play a role in potentiating the beneficial responses to exercise; however, the effects of exercise-induced ROS on insulin action and protein signaling in humans has not been fully elucidated. Seven healthy, recreationally active participants volunteered for this double-blind, randomized,(More)
Reliable and reproducible myocardial opacification after intravenous administration of echocardiographic contrast agents has remained elusive. This study was performed to determine whether a new agent, FS069, a suspension of perfluoropropane-filled albumin microspheres (3.6 microns average microbubble size, concentration 8 x 8(8)/ml), could achieve safe and(More)
The circulatory effects associated with lifelong plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) elevation were examined by generating transgenic mice, which constitutively express a fusion gene consisting of the transthyretin promoter and the ANF structural gene. These mice have chronically elevated ANF levels as compared with their nontransgenic siblings.(More)
BACKGROUND Allograft rejection is a cellular immunological/inflammatory response that is, in part, directed by potent proinflammatory mediators. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that leukotriene B4 (LTB4) may have a role in graft rejection and that LTB4 receptor antagonists may be clinically useful in the treatment of allograft rejection. (More)
OBJECTIVES This study tested whether the combination of dobutamine echocardiography (DE) and myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) was superior to either technique alone in identifying postischemic myocardium and in differentiating it from necrotic myocardium. BACKGROUND Wall motion abnormalities at rest occur in postischemic myocardium in the(More)
We determined the time course of gene expression following DNA/Lipofectin transfection of normal or previously injured arterial segments using direct intraluminal infusion following surgical exposure. Constructs possessing the firefly luciferase cDNA regulated by Simian virus 40, Rous sarcoma virus, or alpha-actin promoter were incubated together with(More)
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating disorder prevalent in older populations that is accompanied by declines in muscle mass, strength, and physical activity. In skeletal muscle, the Na(+)-K(+) pump (NKA) is pivotal in ion homeostasis and excitability and is modulated by disuse and exercise training. This study examined the effects of OA and aging on(More)
While training upregulates skeletal muscle Na(+), K(+)-ATPase (NKA), the effects of knee injury and associated disuse on muscle NKA remain unknown. This was therefore investigated in six healthy young adults with a torn anterior cruciate ligament, (KI; four females, two males; age 25.0 ± 4.9 years; injury duration 15 ± 17 weeks; mean ± SD) and seven age-(More)
During myocardial infarction, lack of myocardial opacification after reperfusion has been associated with poor or no recovery of function. We have previously documented the presence of perfusion abnormalities after brief coronary occlusions without infarction and the absence of perfusion abnormalities after prolonged occlusions with infarction. To(More)