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Excessive retinal vascular permeability contributes to the pathogenesis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema, leading causes of vision loss in working-age adults. Using mass spectroscopy-based proteomics, we detected 117 proteins in human vitreous and elevated levels of extracellular carbonic anhydrase-I (CA-I) in vitreous from(More)
An understanding of the diabetes-induced alterations in vitreous protein composition in the absence and in the presence of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) may provide insights into factors and mechanisms responsible for this disease. We have performed a comprehensive proteomic analysis and comparison of vitreous samples from individuals with(More)
Hyperglycemia is associated with greater hematoma expansion and poor clinical outcomes after intracerebral hemorrhage. We show that cerebral hematoma expansion triggered by intracerebral infusion of autologous blood is greater in diabetic rats and mice compared to nondiabetic controls and that this augmented expansion is ameliorated by plasma kallikrein(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is the major cause of acquired blindness in working-age adults. Studies of the vitreous proteome have provided insights into the etiology of diabetic retinopathy and suggested potential molecular targets for treatments. Further characterization of the protein changes associated with the progression of this disease may suggest additional(More)
A widely used method for protein identification couples prefractionation of protein samples by one-dimensional (1D) PAGE with LC/MS/MS. We developed a new label-free quantitative algorithm by combining measurements of spectral counting, ion intensity, and peak area on 1D PAGE-based proteomics. This algorithm has several improvements over other label-free(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common microvascular complication caused by diabetes mellitus and is a leading cause of vision loss among working-age adults in developed countries. Understanding the effects of diabetes on the retinal proteome may provide insights into factors and mechanisms responsible for this disease. We have performed a comprehensive(More)
PURPOSE Retinal hemorrhages occur in a variety of sight-threatening conditions including ocular trauma, high altitude retinopathy, and chronic diseases such as diabetic and hypertensive retinopathies. The goal of this study is to investigate the effects of blood in the vitreous on retinal vascular function in rats. METHODS Intravitreal injections of(More)
Plasma kallikrein (PK) is activated during hemorrhage and has been implicated in cerebral vascular permeability and edema. To further characterize the potential effects of PK on the brain that may follow cerebral vascular injury, we have utilized a proteomics approach to search for novel PK substrates in the astrocyte secretome. Extracellular proteins(More)
PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) activity is involved in Ang (angiotensin) II-stimulated VSMC (vascular smooth muscle cell) growth and hypertrophy. In the present study, we demonstrate that the inhibition of PI3K in VSMCs by expression of a dominant-negative p85alpha mutant lacking the p110-binding domain (Deltap85), or by treatment of cells with LY294002,(More)
PURPOSE The proteomic profile of vitreous from second-trimester human embryos and young adults was characterized using mass spectrometry and analyzed for changes in protein levels that may relate to structural changes occurring during this time. This vitreous proteome was compared to previous reports to confirm proteins already identified and reveal novel(More)