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PURPOSE Several preoperative prostate cancer nomograms have been developed that predict risk of progression using pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, clinical stage, and biopsy(More)
PURPOSE We have shown that preoperative plasma levels of transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)), interleukin 6 (IL)-6, and its receptor (IL-6sR) are associated with prostate cancer(More)
OBJECTIVES The urokinase plasminogen activation (uPA) system plays an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis by mediating proteolysis, adhesion, and migration of tumor cells. We tested the(More)
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