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Infectious and inflammatory diseases have repeatedly shown strong genetic associations within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC); however, the basis for these associations remains elusive. To define host genetic effects on the outcome of a chronic viral infection, we performed genome-wide association analysis in a multiethnic cohort of HIV-1(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ∼22-nt small RNAs that are important regulators of mRNA turnover and translation. Recent studies have shown the importance of the miRNA pathway in HIV-1 infection, particularly in maintaining latency. Our initial in vitro studies demonstrated that HIV-1-infected HUT78 cells expressed significantly higher IL-10 levels compared with(More)
Genetic susceptibility and resistance to most autoimmune disorders are associated with highly polymorphic genes of the MHC and with non-MHC-linked polygenic modifiers. It is known that non-MHC-linked polymorphisms can override or enhance the susceptibility to an autoimmune disease provided by pathogenic MHC genes, but the mechanisms remain elusive. In this(More)
Acknowledgements This research report is the result of two interconnected research projects, the EPSRC funded ARCC-Water (Adaptation and Resilience in a Changing Climate) project, and the ESRC/DEFRA/Scottish Government funded Sustainable Practices Research Group 'Patterns of Water' project. We would like to thank the following people and organisations for(More)