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T he ankle-brachial index (ABI) is the ratio of the systolic blood pressure (SBP) measured at the ankle to that measured at the brachial artery. Originally described by Winsor 1 in 1950, this index was initially proposed for the noninvasive diagnosis of lower-extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). 2,3 Later, it was shown that the ABI is an indicator of(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency and the clinical correlations of pseudobulbar affect (PBA) in a population-based incident cohort of ALS patients. Incident ALS cases, diagnosed in 2011 and 2012, according to El Escorial criteria were enrolled from a prospective population-based registry in Apulia, Southern Italy. Neurological status was(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether rituximab 375 mg/m(2) was efficacious in patients with immunoglobulin M (IgM) anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein antibody demyelinating neuropathy (IgM anti-MAG demyelinating neuropathy). METHODS Fifty-four patients with IgM anti-MAG demyelinating neuropathy were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims were to analyse changes in nutritional parameters from diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to death and to assess their relationships with survival at the time of diagnosis and during follow-up. METHODS 92 ALS patients were included and clinically assessed every 3 months (ALS functional rating scale, manual muscular(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether immunodeficiency is associated with the most frequent non-AIDS-defining causes of death in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). DESIGN Observational multicentre cohorts. METHODS Twenty-three cohorts of adults with estimated dates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroconversion were considered. Patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Human toxocariasis is a zoonotic infection caused by the larval stages of Toxocara canis (T. canis) and less frequently Toxocara cati (T. cati). A relationship between toxocariasis and epilepsy has been hypothesized. We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis of available data to evaluate the strength of association between epilepsy and(More)
This article aimed to detect clusters of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their relationships with exposure of the population to various environmental factors in the Limousin region of France. Methods used were extensively described. We adopted a geographical approach that revealed variations in the incidence of ALS and permitted us to identify three(More)
INTRODUCTION Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common motor neurone disease. It occurs in two forms: (1) familial cases, for which several genes have been identified and (2) sporadic cases, for which various hypotheses have been formulated. Notably, the β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (L-BMAA) toxin has been postulated to be involved in the(More)
BACKGROUND Because studies of the incidence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have uncertain feasibility and high costs, mortality rates are often used to provide an estimate. We performed a systematic review of the literature concerning mortality related to ALS. We aimed to use well-known criteria of good epidemiological practice to assess the(More)
Pregnant primiparous rats were exposed to low immobilization stress or ACTH injections (one unit) throughout pregnancy. We measured the following parameters in the female offsprings: puberty (vaginal opening and first oestrous), oestrous cycle and sexual behaviour. Compared to the controls, female sexual receptivity measured by means of lordosis and the(More)