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Human embryonic stem cells (ESC) are undifferentiated and are endowed with the capacities of self-renewal and pluripotential differentiation. Adult stem cells renew their own tissue, but whether they can transdifferentiate to other tissues is still controversial. To understand the genetic program that underlies the pluripotency of stem cells, we compared(More)
The mechanisms governing migration and extramedullary dissemination of leukemic cells remain obscure. In this study the migration and in vivo homing to the bone marrow of nonobese diabetic severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mice injected with human precursor-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells in comparison to normal CD34+ progenitors (both(More)
The kinetics of T and B cell immune recovery after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is affected by many pre- and post-transplant factors. Because of the profoundly depleted baseline T and B cell immunity in recombination activating gene 2 (RAG-2)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) patients, some of these factors are eliminated, and the(More)
Fanconi anemia is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by bone marrow failure, developmental anomalies, and a high incidence of myelodysplasia and acute myeloid leukemia. Stem cell transplantation is the only curative treatment. In the absence of matched- sibling donor, an alternative mismatched family or matched unrelated donor can be used, but(More)
Affymetrix human Hu133A oligonucleotide arrays were used to study the expression profile of CD133+ cord blood (CB) and peripheral blood (PB) using CD133 cell-surface marker. An unsupervised hierarchical clustering of 14,025 valid probe sets showed a clear distinction between the CD133+ cells representing the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) population and(More)
Successful stem cell transplantation for patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) from matched family donors without conditioning results in engraftment of T lymphocytes. B lymphocytes engraft in only 50% of the cases, while myelopoiesis and erythropoiesis remain of host origin. Full hematopoietic engraftment was reported in one case after bone(More)
Owing to the increased central nervous system (CNS) relapse risk in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), it is unclear whether preventive cranial radiation (pCRT) can be safely omitted. In this study, pCRT was replaced by extended triple intrathecal therapy (TIT) in prednisone good early responders - medium-risk (MR) group, accounting for 76% of(More)
Recent improvements in prognosis necessitate considering the emotional responses of children with malignant diseases and of their parents. This prospective study assessed 20 children and adolescents and their 36 parents within 2 weeks of diagnosis and after 1 and 6 months. Fifty-three percent exhibited moderate to severe posttraumatic symptoms right after(More)
Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a known complication of stem cell transplantation. In contrast to early-onset HC that is usually attributed to cyclophosphamide and occurs within a few days of infusion, late onset HC is associated with viral infection. In recent years BK virus has emerged as an important causative agent. We describe two patients who developed(More)
PURPOSE The ETV6 gene has been reported to be fused to a multitude of partner genes in various hematologic malignancies with 12p13 aberrations. Cytogenetic analysis of six cases of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia revealed a novel recurrent t(8;12)(q13;p13), suggesting involvement of ETV6. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Fluorescence in situ hybridization was(More)