Belinda Yen-Lieberman

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We studied the effect of interferons on the expression of class II histocompatibility (HLA-DR) antigens by cultured adult human astrocytes. Cultures were derived from brain tissue resected for surgical treatment of intractable epilepsy. Cultured astrocytes did not spontaneously display HLA-DR antigen as determined by immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry(More)
Pathological changes in inflammatory bowel disease include an increase in intestinal mucosal mononuclear leukocytes and hyperplasia of the muscularis mucosae smooth muscle cells (M-SMCs). Because virus infections have correlated with disease flare, we tested the response of cultured M-SMCs to respiratory syncytial virus, measles virus, and the viral(More)
BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease remains an important problem in solid-organ transplant recipients, with the greatest risk among donor CMV-seropositive, recipient-seronegative (D(+)/R(-)) patients. CMV-specific cell-mediated immunity may be able to predict which patients will develop CMV disease. METHODS We prospectively included D(+)/R(-)(More)
The QUANTIPLEX HIV-1 RNA assay, version 3.0 (a branched DNA, version 3.0, assay [bDNA 3.0 assay]), was evaluated by analyzing spiked and clinical plasma samples and was compared with the AMPLICOR HIV-1 MONITOR Ultrasensitive (ultrasensitive reverse transcription-PCR [US-RT-PCR]) method. A panel of spiked plasma samples that contained 0 to 750,000 copies of(More)
For the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic, vaccination and infection control were the main modes of prevention. A live attenuated H1N1 vaccine mimics natural infection and works by evoking a host immune response, but currently there are no easy methods to measure such a response. To determine if an immune response could be measured in exhaled breath, exhaled(More)
Purpose This document provides guidance on quality assurance (QA) practices for sites using or planning to use the OraQuick ® Rapid HIV-1 Antibody Test to detect antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Background The OraQuick Rapid HIV-1 Antibody Test is the first rapid HIV point-of-care (i.e., testing and results are available in one visit)(More)
We have evaluated two commercially available kits (AMPLICOR MONITOR [Roche] and NASBA HIV-1 QT or NucliSens HIV-1 QT [Organon Teknika]) and two noncommercial methods for the accurate quantitation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA in seminal plasma. The same panels of coded specimens were tested on four separate occasions. Laboratories using(More)
conducted a cross-sectional study of β-herpes-viruses in febrile pediatric oncology patients (n = 30), with a reference group of febrile pediatric solid-organ transplant recipients (n = 9). One (3.3%) of 30 cancer patients and 3 (33%) of 9 organ recipients were PCR positive for cyto-megalovirus. Four (13%) of 30 cancer patients and 3 (33%) of 9 transplant(More)
A novel method for the collection and transportation of dried-blood-plasma samples, SampleTanker (ST), was developed and compared to standard shipping protocols for frozen-plasma specimens containing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV). Matched frozen and dried 1-ml EDTA-containing plasma samples were collected and(More)
Assays for syphilis serology can be broadly divided into 2 categories; treponemal tests that detect anti-bodies against the infectious agent Treponema pallidum, and nontreponemal tests that measure antibodies against nonspe-cific antigens, such as cardiolipin. Historically, syphilis diagnosis has used a nontreponemal assay such as rapid plasma reagin (RPR)(More)