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BACKGROUND Ganciclovir-resistant (GCV-R) cytomegalovirus (CMV) is now being reported with increasing frequency in solid organ transplant recipients. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of all solid organ transplant patients with GCV-R CMV seen between 1990 and 2000 at a single center. METHODS Patients with clinically(More)
The development of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease and subsequent emergence of drug-resistant strains was examined in a large group of solid organ transplant recipients; drug-resistant CMV was detected in a total of 30 transplant recipients (20 lung, 5 kidney, 4 heart, and 1 liver). Drug resistance was confirmed both phenotypically and genotypically. The(More)
We report a multilaboratory evaluation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) viral load assays to determine their linear range, reproducibility, subtype detection, and agreement. A panel of HCV RNA samples ranging in nominal concentration from 1.0 to 7.0 log10 IU/ml was constructed by diluting a clinical specimen (genotype 1b). Replicates of the panel were tested in(More)
We examined the nef gene of HIV-1 in a long-term nonprogressor to look for evidence suggesting an attenuated virus. The nef gene was previously shown to be required for induction of AIDS. Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) deleted in nef, while infectious, fails to sustain the high viral loads necessary for the induction of AIDS in infected adult rhesus(More)
The newly identified cytokine, IL-15 enhanced antigen-induced proliferation of PBMC obtained from HIV-1-seropositive subjects. When compared to IL-2 which enhanced both spontaneous and antigen-induced lymphocyte proliferative responses, IL-15 rarely increased spontaneous lymphocyte proliferation. Additionally, in cultures of lymphocytes obtained from 15(More)
Pathological changes in inflammatory bowel disease include an increase in intestinal mucosal mononuclear leukocytes and hyperplasia of the muscularis mucosae smooth muscle cells (M-SMCs). Because virus infections have correlated with disease flare, we tested the response of cultured M-SMCs to respiratory syncytial virus, measles virus, and the viral(More)
The performance characteristics of four different assays for hepatitis B virus (HBV) quantification were assessed: the Abbott RealTime HBV IUO, the Roche Cobas AmpliPrep/Cobas TaqMan HBV test, the Roche Cobas TaqMan HBV test with HighPure system, and the Qiagen artus HBV TM ASR. Limit of detection (LOD), linear range, reproducibility, and agreement were(More)
A real-time PCR assay for the mip gene of Legionella pneumophila was tested with 27 isolates of L. pneumophila, 20 isolates of 14 other Legionella species, and 103 non-Legionella bacteria. Eight culture-positive and 40 culture-negative clinical specimens were tested. This assay was 100% sensitive and 100% specific for L. pneumophila.
OBJECTIVE Earlier open-label clinical trials have provided conflicting data on the effects of cyclosporin-A (CsA) on the clinical course and immune status of patients with HIV disease. With the prospects for wider use of CsA in the setting of solid organ transplantation in HIV-infected persons, data on the safety and immunologic activity of this agent are(More)
  • Dr. Qin Ouyang, Mounif El-Youssef, +4 authors Dr. Claudio Fiocchi
  • 1988
The expression of HLA-DR antigens on the surface of immune cells is crucial for appropriate antigen presentation and a normal immune response. In the intestinal mucosa involved by Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis the expression of HLA-DR antigens is increased in both immune and nonimmune cells, a phenomenon probably mediated by soluble factors, such(More)