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Several nucleic acid amplification techniques (NAAT) have been developed for rapid and direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) from clinical specimens. This study compared the performances of the Gen-Probe Amplified MTB Direct Test (AMDT), Roche Amplicor MTB PCR test, and an IS6110-PCR assay with acid-fast smear and culture in the detection of(More)
RATIONALE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a multicomponent disease. Autoimmunity can contribute to the pathogenesis of COPD. OBJECTIVES This study investigates the prevalence of circulating antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and anti-tissue (AT) antibodies, two common markers of autoimmunity, in COPD and their relationship with several(More)
Kid and Kis are, respectively, the toxin and antitoxin encoded by the parD operon of plasmid R1. The recently solved crystal structure of Kid has revealed that this protein closely resembles the CcdB toxin of plasmid F. In CcdB, the residues involved in toxicity are located at the carboxy-terminal end of the protein. However, an analogous information on the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by an enhanced and persistent innate and acquired immune response to tobacco smoking. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) modulate T-cell responses by down-modulating the T cell receptor ζ chain (TCR ζ) through the catabolism of l-arginine. The effects of smoking on MDSCs and(More)
Takayasu Arteritis (TA) was thought to only involve the aortic arch and its main branches, but subsequent studies demonstrated that the arteritis in not confined to these areas. The process can involve, among others, the coronary arterial tree and is capable to produce myocardial infarction. Many authors thought that when patients with TA presented with(More)
INTRODUCTION Intermediate respiratory care units (IRCU) provide continuous monitoring and non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) in patients with severe respiratory failure who are usually admitted to intensive care units (ICU). The usefulness of IRCU in managing severe asthma exacerbations has never been evaluated. METHODS Clinical data were(More)
BACKGROUND Severe acidosis can cause noninvasive ventilation (NIV) failure in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF). NIV is therefore contraindicated outside of intensive care units (ICUs) in these patients. Less is known about NIV failure in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema(More)
INTRODUCTION The origin of systemic inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients remains to be defined, but one of the most widely accepted hypothesis is the 'spill over' of inflammatory mediators from the lung to the circulation. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between pulmonary and systemic inflammation in COPD(More)
BACKGROUND It is known that pro-inflammatory cytokines suppress in vitro the gene expression and protein production of erythropoietin (Epo). We hypothesized that systemic inflammation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may influence Epo production, particularly during episodes of exacerbation of the disease (ECOPD) where an(More)
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